Treatment of Animals Considered Barbarous

Treatment of Animals Considered Barbarous

Cat Laws No Cages Sundari Leopard

If showing up in a robe and tiara, with a box of treats is wrong, then maybe I don’t fully comprehend how casual Friday actually works.

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Cat Laws

Cat Laws

Action YOU Can Take to Save Big Cats and their Cubs

Due to the government web forms that receive our data, only people who are constituents of certain representatives can contact their legislators.  Please do not use a fake address to game the system as it renders your real identity as useless when there are matters that you really can speak out about.  We try to only email you with actions you can really take, but if you put in a false address, then you won’t get the action alerts that affect you most.  There is something on this page that everyone can do, so please pick your battles wisely.

Salsa is our service provider that makes it possible for you to find the right people to contact by just typing in your zip code.  Don’t worry, we hate spam too and we will not share or sell your personal info outside of the specific targets you are contacting.

 

U.S. Residents Only

Most Important Action You Can Take for Big Cats and their Cubs

Stop Big Cat Abuse (US ONLY)

Take Action buttonVisit, Call or Send an Email to your Congressional Representative asking them to champion the Big Cat Public Safety Act here:  http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/51389/p/dia/action3/common/public/?action_KEY=16017

 

Prevent Animal Cruelty & Torture (US ONLY)

http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/51389/p/dia/action3/common/public/?action_KEY=14519

 

Everyone

Protect the Florida Panther

http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/51389/p/dia/action3/common/public/?action_KEY=18256

Ban Cougar Trophy Hunting in Wyoming (EVERYONE)

https://hq.salsalabs.com/salsa/hq/p/dia/action3/common/hq/edit?object=action&key=16920

Ban Trophy Hunting in New Jersey (EVERYONE)

http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/51389/p/dia/action3/common/public/?action_KEY=16628

Pledge to Never Go to the Circus! (EVERYONE)

http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/51389/p/dia/action3/common/public/?action_KEY=13749

By State

KS

Oppose Bill to Overturn Big Cat Protections

Kansas Residents Only! Senate Bill 97 seeks to overturn protections for big cats and YOU!  Please ask your Senator to vote NO on this bill. We make it easy here: http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/51389/p/dia/action3/common/public/?action_KEY=17808

ME

If you live in Maine, your voice is needed now to protect big cats!

Maine is taking comments from the public, but most of the people who are commenting are those who abuse animals for profit or ego. Maine officials need to hear from people who actually care about animals.  We make it easy with a sample letter, but it will have far more impact if you change the subject line and use your own words. You don’t want your feelings to be dismissed because it looks like a form letter.

Take action: http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/51389/p/dia/action3/common/public/?action_KEY=18941

We only know 329 people in Maine who care about wildlife, so it is especially important that you take action and ask anyone you know in Maine to do the same. Deadline is June 17, 2016 so please do it now.

MO

No Circus Exemption (MO ONLY)

http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/51389/p/dia/action3/common/public/?action_KEY=13899

NY

Ban Cat Declawing

http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/51389/p/dia/action3/common/public/?action_KEY=17422

OK

Ban Contact w/ Big Cats (OK ONLY)

http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/51389/p/dia/action3/common/public/?action_KEY=13901

 

Cub Petting Shame

Cub Petting Shame

Cub Petting Shame

It wasn’t long ago (2013 or so) that paying to play with cute little tiger cubs, lion cubs or even liger cubs, was considered something people wanted to do and brag about, but now people know better…at least many people know better.  If you have been sent to this page, after sharing your photo of you and a cub, or talking about how you want to pet a big cat, then you should thank the person who had the guts to send you here.  They obviously care about you and don’t want you to make a fool of yourself by perpetuating the abuse that always goes hand in paw with posing with wild cats.

Ever Wonder Why Celebrities Pet Cubs?

People who love animals just shake their heads when they see that another hapless celebrity has fallen for the temptation to show off by posing with tiger cubs, lion cubs or other baby wild animals.  Even celebrities who know better, will often fall for it, when the breeders and dealers try to use their celebrity status to promote animal abuse.  That may tell you something about most celebrities, but you can’t blame them entirely.  The people who profit off the abuse of baby animals know how to manipulate the public and know that celebrities are often the weak link that make it possible.  They have studied Edward Bernays’ methods.  Watch the video below and then check out the celebrities who apparently fell for such manipulation beneath the video.

The only way to undo the damage that celebrities cause, when they fall victim to the animal abusers ploys, is to try and educate them about what they have done, and ask them to take a stand against the abuse.  Failing that, the last resort is a public spanking.

Where do celebrities go to pet cubs?  There are a few backyard breeders in the U.S. but the place that attracts the most, and ignorant celebrities is Black Jaguar White Tiger in Mexico.   The best article so far to debunk BJWT as a sanctuary is at the link below and says, in part, “BJWT may appear to many to be a sanctuary, but its apparent methods of utilizing its animals for donation mongering and notoriety all but nullify its status as anything other than a playground for the rich, famous and ignorant.”  http://www.jacalynbeales.com/outofwilderness/2015/12/22/fooling-millions-with-false-conservation-the-black-jaguar-white-tiger-foundation

You know the public opposes cub breeding and handling when Gizmodo goes after the perpetrators of such cub petting schemes with a vengeance like this article.

Yahoo Celebrity News understands why it’s wrong: https://www.yahoo.com/celebrity/celebs-favorite-animal-sanctuary-raises-serious-004456713.html

And bloggers speak out against using cub petting as a way to end cub petting. #BJWT

Spanking Celebrities for Bad Behavior

Justin Bieber  won’t be attractive to quality women any more, after being caught posing with a tiger on a leash in May 2016.  “Justin Bieber is lucky not to have had his throat torn out by this stressed, captive tiger,” Lisa Lange said. “Tigers used for photo ops are torn away from their mothers shortly after birth.”  Lange added that she believes the tiger was from Ontario’s Bowmansville Zoo — whose director was charged with five counts of animal cruelty earlier this month after video emerged of him appearing to repeatedly whip a different, young tiger.  He didn’t learn his lesson and went on to exploit more cubs so People Magazine called him out on it here: http://www.people.com/article/justin-bieber-alex-the-lion-peta

Floyd Mayweather posted a photo of a tiger, asking fans to name her, Twitter, Instagram and Facebook users are not happy!  Mayweather, the former boxing champion, has been accused of animal cruelty after posting a picture of the 2 month old tiger cub on a leash in Dec 2015.  People quickly responded to Mayweather with angry messages, while one person messaged the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, calling on him to do something about it after the tiger was taken from India. http://www.buzzfeed.com/davidmack/youre-gonna-hear-me-roar?utm_term=.pq0vV4JQp#.ucgkPX08J

http://time.com/4137867/floyd-mayweather-pet-tiger-cat-rescue/

and  http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/floyd-mayweather-tiger-christmas-present-russia-twitter-a6760256.html

Beyonce tiger cubSearch “Beyonce tiger cub” and the first listing is a headline that reads:  Beyonce blasted by animal rights groups over photo of her petting a tiger cub with Jay Z and Blue Ivy in Thailand  Get the rest of the ugly story about how a celebrity showed her ignorance of ethics toward tigers in 2015 at http://www.dailymail.co.uk/travel/travel_news/article-2899290/Beyonce-blasted-animal-rights-groups-photo-petting-tiger-cub-Jay-Z-Blue-Ivy-Thailand.html

Up next, this article starts out saying, Sorry, Beyoncé — Petting Tigers Is Not Cool https://www.thedodo.com/beyonce-tiger-thailand-tourism-916389560.html

And next, this article’s headline proclaims Here’s One Beyoncé and Jay Z Selfie You Shouldn’t ‘Like’ If You Love Wildlife     http://www.takepart.com/article/2015/01/07/should-beyonc%C3%A9-and-jay-z-have-taken-selfies-tiger-cub

Next headline Beyoncé tiger controversy: World Animal Protection charity disgusted as star uses endangered animal as plaything http://www.mirror.co.uk/3am/celebrity-news/beyonc-tiger-controversy-world-animal-4926997

And even when it looks like they are going to praise the celebrity, the sub headline reads Looks Like Beyoncé and Blue Ivy Got to Hang Out With a Tiger Cub…And animal rights advocates are not happy with the photo Jan Schmidt-Burbach, a wildlife expert for animal welfare charity World Animal Protection, argues, “A tiger is not a plaything,” so animals’ “health and well-being should not be sacrificed for a photo opportunity.” http://time.com/3656727/beyonce-and-blue-ivy-with-tiger/

Next in line in the google search is a headline that reads Beyonce and Jay Z slammed by animal rights group for tiger cub snap Read more: http://metro.co.uk/2015/01/06/beyonce-and-jay-z-slammed-by-animal-rights-group-for-tiger-cub-snap-5011353/#ixzz3gGdY5g3Y

Yahoo News got in on the criticism quoting “Celebrities should set a humane example, not an exploitative one, as their potential for influence is massive,” said Adam M. Roberts, CEO of Born Free USA. “Tigers can kill, whether wild or captive, and every unwitting child who chooses to pose with a tiger as a result of seeing celebrities do so is at risk. Imagine if Beyoncé and Jay Z decided to expose tigers to the world by supporting their conservation in the wild instead.”  http://news.yahoo.com/beyonc-jay-z-taken-selfies-tiger-cub-153534220.html

Naturally, Big Cat Rescue was one of the first to complain to the star with this open letter:  http://bigcatrescue.org/open-letter-to-beyonce/

It caused enough of an uproar to give Beyonce her own page at the Celebrity Dirty Laundry site.  http://www.celebdirtylaundry.com/2015/beyonce-criticized-wildlife-activists-for-petting-tiger-cub-thailand/

The star bashing headlines go on for pages and pages and are far too many to list here, but suffice it to say the public was outraged and the media went wild.  But was Beyonce the first (or the last) to forego common sense and pay someone to take her picture with a big cat or their cub?  No.

If you were to search “celebrity tiger cub abuse” the first name and article that comes up is Khloe Kardashian couldn’t be more clueless in the Instagram selfie she took posing with a tiger cub in 2015.  https://www.thedodo.com/khloe-kardashian-tiger-cub-1169547978.html

Khloe Kardashian Tiger Cub AbuseNext up for Khloe Kardashian is the headline Khloe Kardashian’s Tiger Cub Pic Causes Another Selfie Controversy

that goes on to say, “After getting slammed for posting a pic of her wearing a niqab face covering during her trip to Dubai, Khloe also came under fire on Thursday when she posted a selfie of her cuddling with a tiger cub.

Fans let Khloe know how they felt posting comments like this one, “I thought you were against it? All for a photo op?” another comments reads. “Disgusting… You should be ashamed!!!”  http://www.etonline.com/news/165253_khloe_kardashian_tiger_cub_selfie_causes_controversy/

Khloe Kardashian’s bad behavior didn’t escape the notice of the Daily Mail who announced Khloe Kardashian slammed by animal rights campaigners after she poses with tiger cub during Dubai trip Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-3100115/Khloe-Kardashian-slammed-animal-rights-campaigners-poses-tiger-cub-Dubai-trip.html#ixzz3gGh2jNpq

There were so many news outlets blasting the starlet for her clueless behavior that Yahoo News took note, quoting “We’re disappointed to see yet another celebrity posing with a wild animal,” Silia Smith of World Animal Protection told Daily Mail. “Tiger cubs belong in the wild, with their mothers – not in captivity for use as entertainment or photo props.” https://www.yahoo.com/tv/s/khloe-kardashians-tiger-cub-pic-161300096.html

The Huffington Post was right there too with this headline: The Ugly Truth Behind Khloe Kardashian’s Tiger Cub Selfie http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/05/28/the-ugly-truth-behind-khl_n_7460810.html

Then again, maybe it is a sign of her need for attention that she did it again.   Wildlife expert Dr Jan Schmidt-Burbach said: “Their health and well-being should not be sacrificed for a photo opportunity. When you look behind the scenes, holiday snaps like these support an industry that relies on animal cruelty.  http://www.mirror.co.uk/3am/celebrity-news/khloe-kardashian-set-spark-outrage-6196302

Again in 2015 Cara Delevingne slammed by wildlife charity for posing with lion cub: ‘They don’t belong draped over a celebrity’  said the Daily Mirror to their  2.7 million readers http://www.mirror.co.uk/3am/celebrity-news/cara-delevingne-slammed-wildlife-charity-5035579

Cara Delevingne enraged so many people world wide with her antics that Yahoo News picked it up too, saying “Cara Delevingne who is the new ambassador for TAG Heure watches got a lot of criticism after photo shoot with a lion cub.”  https://uk.news.yahoo.com/video/cara-delevingne-slammed-lion-cub-071504429.html

Darnell Dockett tigerIn 2013 Darnell Dockett posed with a tiger and said he bought a cub to bring to the games.  Big Cat Rescue launched an alert and it turned out to have the most response of any action item that year.  People were infuriated that Darnell Dockett would do, or even say, such an absurd thing, so he began back peddling.  The press held him out to be a liar saying,  “Dockett has claimed that he did buy a tiger cub, although it’s been hard to tell whether he actually did or he’s just jerkin’ on our jockstraps. Now, it looks like at least part of Dockett’s tale is fiction, and we wouldn’t be surprised if the entire thing was just made up.”  http://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/news/darnell-docketts-pet-tiger-story-unraveling-cubs-supposed-mom-is-a-dude-6627107

 

 

The celebrity spanking goes on for pages and pages and pages.

 

The rapper Tyga thought he was cool and posed with a tiger cub on a leash.  That lead to the media frenzy that had headlines like RAPPER TYGA BUSTED FOR PET TIGER? http://www.globalanimal.org/2014/05/02/rapper-tyga-busted-for-pet-tiger/ and Authorities Seize Rapper Tyga’s Pet Tiger http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/6773/20140426/authorities-seize-rapper-tygas-pet-tiger.htm

This headline read:  Stop taking ‘tiger selfies’ that fund animal abuse, charity says It went on to report: “Lion and tiger cubs can be found in Cancun, Mexico, while slow lorises are the latest trend in Thailand.  When Rihanna Tiger Abuse on Tinderposted a picture with one online last year, it sparked police raids in Phuket and the arrest of two suspected poachers.”  At least Rihanna’s celebrity status gave the object of her desire for attention an opportunity to be rescued.  http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/nature/stop-taking-tiger-selfies-that-fund-animal-abuse-charity-says-9635945.html

Sometimes it isn’t just one celebrity showing their ignorance.  Sometimes it’s a whole team of people who don’t stop and think about how it is that they could be allowed to pet a tiger cub.  The Detroit Tigers were approached by one of the notorious tiger cub exploiters in 2013 in an effort to legitimize a practice that most decent people find appalling.  Members of the team ignorantly posed with the cubs, who had been bred to be used as photo props, and the media latched onto the public outrage that ensued.  The headline read IFAW Calls Foul on Detroit Tigers Photo Op http://www.ifaw.org/united-states/news/statement-ifaw-calls-foul-detroit-tigers-photo-op

On April 2, 2013 after being pelted with insults and calls for their shame, the Detroit Tigers removed the offensive photos from their Facebook page.  Big Cat Rescue followed up saying, “GRRRREAT NEWS! The Detroit Tigers have removed from their Facebook page the photos of several players at spring training camp last week posing with a baby tiger! Thank you to everyone who posted a comment on the Tiger’s page to educate them and let them know most people do NOT want to see cubs exploited. We applaud the Detroit Tigers for taking this action and doing the right thing!!”  https://www.facebook.com/bigcatrescue/posts/296773597119376

Unfortunately the Toronto Blue Jays didn’t learn a lesson from that and in 2014 they made their own bad press with the headline, Toronto Blue Jays under fire for posing with baby lion and tiger http://www.critterfiles.com/toronto-blue-jays-fire-posing-baby-lion-tiger/  Fans commented “Animals are not props. They are not here for our entertainment and have been known to attack and kill trainer/owners/visitors. This is disgusting and disgraceful. It isn’t 1920 anymore. We know better now, so grow up and evolve already.  Animals belong in the wild with their families, not in cages where they can’t express their basic instincts and needs. I’m ashamed this happened in Toronto.”

You don’t have to be a public figure, or a celebrity to make the news with your ill conceived ideas of a good way to entertain the kids.  This mother found herself making headlines after subjecting her child to a tiger mauling.  We didn’t follow the story, but hopefully child services got involved after she paid to let her child to pet a tiger which landed the kid in Intensive Care.  http://bigcatrescue.org/mother-risks-childrens-lives-petting-tigers/

Good Morning America found themselves at the receiving end of a fire storm of rage when they promoted swimming with tiger cubs at Dade City’s Wild Things.  Read the comments and see that most of the commenters expressed their exasperation for the celebrity news staff that were unwittingly drawn into the fray by animal exploiters.  https://www.facebook.com/GoodMorningAmerica/posts/507139979298672

 

Sometimes the heat for posing with wild animals is so hot the celebrities have to publicly apologize for their bad decisions.

Such was the case for Glenn McGrath who Expresses ‘Deep Regret’ Over Africa Hunting  in his case he killed the wild animals and then posed with them, but the public can be pretty forgiving if they believe  the celeb. http://www.buzzfeed.com/simoncrerar/mcgrath-hunting-photos#.mvzGGbxaY

 

Most People Figure Out Cub Handling is Wrong and Won’t Condone It

 

More than 60 malls have pledged to never allow cub handling at their venues due to publicity that started in 2009 about how the cubs are purposely bred to be used as pay to play props and then discarded to pet homes, backyard zoos and even the black market.  PetsMart made it their policy not to let these tiger pimps bring cubs onto any of their properties in the U.S., Canada or Mexico.

In 2014 New York passed a ban on Tiger Selfies and any contact with wild cats or their cubs.

When Porsche announced their Macan in 2014, one of the dealerships had the stupid idea of bringing a live tiger to the car store.  Public outrage was so fast and furious that Porsche sent a letter to all of their dealers asking them to NOT make that mistake again.  http://bigcatrescue.org/big-cat-rescue-gives-huge-shout-porsche/

Citi joined Porsche and PetsMart in the growing list of influential corporations that have banned the use of wild animals at their events and in their advertising.  Big Cat Rescue had contacted these organization and explained to them why it is so bad to use big cats cubs for photos and ego props and they took immediate action after hearing from our supporters.

Wildlife conservation and forestry departments of northeast China’s Heilongjiang province announced in 2012 that visitors will not be allow to pay for pictures with Siberian tiger cubs in a tiger park.  More at China Bans Cub Petting.

 

Call To Celebrities and Their Agents

 

rp_HarrisonFordTigerLaunchHSUSkids.jpgYou could do some good and regain your standing in the hearts of your fans if you make a public apology for not bothering to do a quick Internet search on the topic before posing with a wild animal or their cub.  Celebrities have a powerful voice and a moral obligation to be thoughtful in their decisions because so many people are looking to them as role models.  The best way you can help is to speak out in favor of the Big Cat and Public Safety Act which would put an end to these backyard breeders and their web of lies about how this is helping conservation.

Using celebrity power to save animals is a hit in Hollywood.  We all know Leonardo DiCaprio, Ellen DeGeneres, Sarah McLachlan, Pamela Anderson and Bob Barker are staunch supporters of animals. But so are Kristin Davis, Kesha and Hayden Panettiere, January Jones, Kristin Davis, Woody Harrelson, Pink, Kellan Lutz, Twiggy, Harrison Ford, Jorga Fox, Billy McNamarra, Alison Eastwood and more.

 

Should YOU Pose with a Wild Animal Cub?

 

You can find all of the reasons why paying to pet or play with a lion cub, a tiger cub, a liger cub or any other wildcat cub or kitten is ALWAYS abuse at http://bigcatrescue.org/cubs/

We used to try and go easy on people who would proclaim to love big cats and then proceed to brag about having petted one or having their photo with one because the media used to condone the practice.  For those who had been duped by the backyard breeders who use cubs to support themselves, we are sorry they took advantage of you.  Now it’s time to burn those photos and let others know why they should never pay to play with cubs.  Once Big Cat Rescue and other non profits who are dedicated to protecting wild animals were able to saturate the media with the truth about cub handling, it’s now easy to figure out that no one who loves wild animals will pay to pet or pose with them.

Now we are asking for your help.  If you see someone posing with tiger cubs, lion cubs or any other wild cat, please send them a Tiger Selfie using this cool app.  http://bigcatrescue.org/tiger-selfie/  It’s a good way to get the message across without being cross.

 

For any of you who still don’t care; even if you don’t care about protecting wild animals, or their cubs, do you really want everyone to think you are a jerk?

 

 

Maine AdvoCats Needed

Maine AdvoCats Needed

MaineAresCougar_015If you live in Maine, your voice is needed now to protect big cats.

Maine is taking comments from the public, but most of the people who are commenting are those who abuse animals for profit or ego.  Maine officials need to hear from people who actually care about animals.
We make it easy with a sample letter, but it will have far more impact if you change the subject line and use your own words.  You don’t want your feelings to be dismissed because it looks like a form letter.
Take Action button
State Laws Exotic Cats

State Laws Exotic Cats

Which States Ban Wild Pets

PrivatePossessionBigCatsMap

 

State Laws for Keeping Exotic Cats

2016 Stats:  5 states have no laws on keeping dangerous wild animals as pets: Alabama, Nevada, North Carolina, South Carolina and Wisconsin.  21 states ban all dangerous exotic pets, while the rest allow certain species or require permits.

Find out what your state laws are regarding the keeping of exotic cats from bobcats to tigers. Select the state of your choice below for a synopsis of the law or click HERE to get the full 231 page Adobe PDF version for all states. The WildCat Conservation Legal Aid Society lists all existing laws and pending laws HERE If clicking on the state doesn’t take you to the state, try scrolling down the page to the information.

The Library of Congress offers this guide to global laws regarding the private possession of exotic cats.

 

ALABAMA

ALASKA

ARIZONA

ARKANSAS

CONNECTICUT

GEORGIA

HAWAII

IDAHO

ILLINOIS

INDIANA

IOWA

LOUISIANA

KANSAS

KENTUCKY

MAINE

MARYLAND

MASSACHUSETTS

MICHIGAN

MINNESOTA

MISSSISSIPPI

MISSOURI

MONTANA

NEBRASKA

NEVADA

NEW HAMPSHIRE

NEW JERSEY

NEW YORK

NEW MEXICO

NORTH CAROLINA

NORTH DAKOTA

OHIO

OKLAHOMA

OREGON

PENNSYLVANIA

RHODE ISLAND

SOUTH CAROLINA

SOUTH DAKOTA

TENNESSEE

TEXAS

UTAH

VERMONT

WASHINGTON

WISCONSIN

WYOMING

Federal Laws:

USDA & USDI

2013 Legend:

B = Ban on private ownership of big cats (20 states)

B* = Partial ban on private ownership of exotic animals — allows ownership of some exotic animals but precludes ownership of the animals listed (11 states)

L = Requires the “owner” of the exotic animal to obtain a license or permit or to register the animal with state or local authorities to privately possess the animal (excludes states only requiring import permits) (13 states)

N = The state does not require the “owner” to obtain a license or permit to possess the animal within the state, but may regulate some aspect thereof (i.e. entry permit, veterinary certificate, etc.) (7 states)

O = No statute or regulation governing this issue (1 states WI )

To see a list of states that have passed exotic cat bans since 2005 click HERE

The steady increase in legislation banning private ownership represents recognition by our society that private ownership leads to massive abuse. Social values evolve. It took decades to ban slavery in England and for women to win the right to vote in America. Those ideas started out as “radical”, held by a small minority. Gradually more and more people understood and agreed until they became a part of our value system that we take for granted today. The same trend is happening with private ownership of exotics. Gradually more and more people are realizing that this simply leads to widespread abuse of these animals. The best evidence of this is the accelerating trend in state laws. Just since 2005 eight more states have passed some level of ban.

 

 

Three Things to Know About Petting a Cub

There are a some lion and tiger cub exploiters still making the rounds at fairs, flea markets, parking lots and malls who are charging the public $10 – $25 to pet a baby lion cub or to play with a baby tiger cub.

USDA regulations should over ride state regulations on this matter, but in Florida the FL Wildlife Commission has set its own standard that may differ a bit, but not much from USDA’s ruling.

Here is what the law says about that:

Cubs cannot be handled by the public before the age of 8 weeks because they are not old enough to have had their first kitten vaccination. Cubs need to be vaccinated at 8, 10 & 12 weeks of age to build up an immune response, so it is really irresponsible to allow contact before 12 weeks.

USDA defines a juvenile big cat as being any cub over the age of 12 weeks and does not permit public contact with cubs over the age of 12 weeks. Despite the fact that touching cubs between the age of 8 weeks and 12 weeks is potentially deadly to the cub, USDA does currently (2010) allow public contact with cubs over 8 weeks and under 12 weeks of age.

 

In USDA vs Palazzo the courts ruled, “…it is now manifestly clear that USDA has changed its position, finding there to be “an inherent danger present for both the viewing public and the exhibited animals(s) where there is any chance that the public could come into direct contact with juvenile or adult big cats”…and finding that…”For regulatory purposes, APHIS generally considers big cats to become juveniles when they reach 12 weeks of age. 11 CX 20 goes on to explain that “According to Dr. Gibbens’ testimony, the policy precluding direct public contact with juvenile tigers was in effect in 2004 & was placed on the USDA’s website in 2005.

 

http://www.911animalabuse.com/images/USDAViolations/2010GreatCatAdventures3YrSuspension.pdf

 

Florida law only allows contact up to 25 lbs for exotic cats. This works out to roughly the same 12 week limit that USDA has imposed, but Florida law does not protect cubs under that weight limit, despite age.

 

(a) Public contact and exhibition.

1. General: All Class I, II or III wildlife that will be used for contact with the public shall have been evaluated by the exhibitor to insure compatibility with the uses intended. All wildlife shall be exhibited in a manner that prevents injuries to the public and the wildlife. The exhibitor shall take reasonable sanitary precautions to minimize the possibility of disease or parasite transmission which could adversely affect the health or welfare of citizens or wildlife. When any conditions exists that results in a threat to human safety, or the welfare of the wildlife, the animal(s) shall, at the direction of a Commission officer, be immediately removed from public contact for an interval necessary to correct the unsafe or deficient condition.

2. Class I wildlife shall only be permitted to come into physical contact with the public in accordance with the following:

a. Full contact: For the purpose of this section, full contact is defined as situations in which an exhibitor or employee handler maintains proximate control and supervision, while temporarily

surrendering physical possession or custody of the animal to another.

Full contact with Class I wildlife is authorized only as follows:

I. Class I cats (Felidae only) that weigh not more than twenty-five (25) pounds;

https://www.flrules.org/gateway/readFile.asp?sid=0&tid=7515480&type=1&File=68A-6.0023.doc

 

Further the US Fish & Wildlife Service defines a sanctuary as a facility that does not allow contact between the animals and the public.

Accredited wildlife sanctuary means a facility that cares for live specimens of one or more of the prohibited wildlife species and:

(1) Is approved by the United States Internal Revenue Service as a corporation that is exempt from taxation under § 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, which is described in §§ 501(c)(3) and 170(b)(1)(A)(vi) of that code;

(2) Does not commercially trade in prohibited wildlife species, including offspring, parts, and products;

(3) Does not propagate any of the prohibited wildlife species; and

(4) Does not allow any direct contact between the public and the prohibited wildlife species.

http://bigcatrescue.org/laws/lawscaptivewildanimalsafetyact.htm

 

Alabama

Category: N
Department of Conservation and Natural Resources64 N Union St.Montgomery, AL 36104

(334) 242-3465

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Possession of Wildlife for Public Exhibition Purposes

Bobcats and mountain lions are not allowed to be imported into the state, transported within the state (except for licensed game breeders), and future possession permits to keep these species will not be issued (as of March, 2003). Accredited educational facilities, research facilities, and permitted rehabilitation facilities shall be exempt from this regulation through the written permission of the Director of the Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries or his designee. Previous owners that already have permits will be grand fathered, but breeding is prohibited. Also issues permits for the public exhibition of wildlife. Carnivals, zoos, circuses, and other like shows and exhibits where ample provision is made so the birds, animals, reptiles, amphibians, and fish will not escape or be released in this state are permitted. Applications require statement regarding person education and experience, description of facilities, number of species desired, and signed agreement that recommended standards for wildlife exhibition will be adhered to.

Section 3-8-1 Rabies vaccine required for any canidae or felidae; applicability. Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, it shall be illegal to own, maintain, sell, or trade any canidae or felidae for which there is no USDA licensed rabies vaccine. Anyone currently owning or maintaining such animal may keep the animal for the length of the animal’s life providing the animal is spayed or neutered and is registered with the Department of Agriculture and Industries. This section does not apply to any zoological parks, circuses, colleges, and universities, animal refuges approved by the Department of Agriculture and Industries, county or municipal humane shelters, the Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, or veterinary clinics.

(Acts 1994, No. 94-322, p. 562, §8.) http://wwwlegislature.state.al.us/CodeofAlabama/1975/3-8-1.htm

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Alaska

Category: B

Department of Fish and Game

P.O. Box 115526, 1255 W. 8th Street, Juneau, AK 99811-5526,  907-465-4100

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Does not allow private ownership of exotic cats and lawbreakers are subject to a year in jail and a $10,000 fine. Only issues permits for fur farming of lynx and bobcat, or scientific or education use of animals. Applicants must demonstrate a significant benefit to the state and produce a substantial study plan identifying the purpose and need of their study in addition to specific objectives and procedures.

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Arizona
Category: L

Game & Fish Dept  5000 W. Carefree Highway, Phoenix, AZ 85086-5000, 602-942-3000

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Issues Private Game Farm license, for USDA licensed facilities which allows the sale, trade, rental, purchase, display, import and export, possession and breeding of wildlife. Also has Zoo license and Wildlife Holding License. Wildlife Holding is divided into five categories: Scientific Study permit, Wildlife Management, Education Holding, Humane Treatment and Exhibit licenses. Wildlife holding permit is for animals that are unable to meet their needs in the wild, are abandoned, or are no longer useful in previous captive situations, they may not be exhibited. Scientific Study permit is only issued to students and faculty members of higher learning institutions. Humane treatment license is required to hold non- releasable animals. These are one-year renewable permits. They do not cover healthy specimens wanted for personal possession (no pets). Education Holding does not permit “exhibiting”, but requires educational use of animals. Exhibit license is to exhibit live wildlife already possessed. You must have previous and current year’s wildlife holding license before exhibit license will be issued. State statutes generally prohibit the unlicensed keeping of all live game animals, fur-bearing predators and many species of mammals, reptiles, birds, amphibians and fish. Some animals are allowed as pets if born in captivity, but may not be captured wild. A number of animals are banned in Arizona but lawful in other states. Even if they were obtained legally elsewhere, they may not be imported without a special permit. The black market: Most dealers are collectors or hobbyists, not commercial operators. Some species are valuable in the clandestine market. A list of restricted animals and detailed Arizona information on taking, keeping or dealing in wildlife may be found at www.azsos.gov. Search for “Game and Fish,” then click on “Title 12. Natural Resources” and “Article 4.” Other information on possessing wild animals can be found at www.azgfd.gov. For other questions, call Game and Fish headquarters at (602) 942-3000 or the regional office in your area.

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Arkansas
Category: B*

Game & Fish Commission Two Natural Resources Dr. Little Rock, AR 72205  800-364-4263 and 501-223-6300

State Web Site

Commission Web Site

http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/assembly/2005/R/Acts/Act2226.pdf

http://www.animallaw.info/statutes/stusarst20_19_501_511.htm

http://statutes.laws.com/arkansas/title-20/subtitle-2/chapter-19/subchapter-5

In 2005 Arkansas banned the private possession of large carnivores. Regulates ownership of native feline species. The rearing of any wild animal for commercial purposes requires a wildlife commercial breeder/dealer permit and a USDA license. Must follow general provisions applicable to Captive Wildlife in the Arkansas State Game & Fish Commission Code Book, Chapter 9.   Also has a new wildlife translocation permit for transport of wildlife through Arkansas – requires a permit and health certificate be on file with AG & F. Possession of wild felines is further regulated on a county level in several counties.

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California
Category:B

Department of Fish and Game License and Revenue Branch  1740 North Market Boulevard, Sacramento, CA 95834, 916-928-5805

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Department Regulations  input Title 14, Section 671

Exhibiting permits for educational purposes, must have a written statement of purpose that specifically incorporates a NO PETS EDUCATION POLICY. Must also present animals in natural setting and natural behavior patterns. Breeding permits will be issued for animals that the department determines will not result in unwanted or uncared for animals or if species is endangered and needs to be propagated. AZA Zoo permit allows possession of only species listed on department approved permit inventory. Research must be college, government, or bona fide scientific institution. Also issues Broker/Dealer and Shelter.

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Colorado
Category: B

Division of Wildlife 6060 Broadway Denver, CO 80216 303-297-1192

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Division Regulation   Chapter 11, Article II, # 1104

Issues Commercial Wildlife Park Permits. Wild felines must be possessed for commercial purposes only. Has specific requirements to meet definition of commercial; must provide a plan to show a profit, must have experience, maintain business records, hire and train employees, file state and Federal income tax based on this activity, etc. Further, there are caging requirements, and any animal exhibited out of a cage requires a $500,000 liability policy. Big Cats can be held in natural settings. Open topped enclosures must be 10 feet, with double electrified wires on top and fencing sunk 3 feet into ground.

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Connecticut
Category: B*

Dept of Environmental Protection 79 Elm Street Hartford, CT 06106  860-424-3000

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Statutes of Connecticut, Title 26, Chapter 490, Section 26-40a and Section 26-55

Only allows for municipal parks, zoos, nature centers, museums, laboratories and research centers to possess wild felines. Forbids private ownership or any feline breeding farms.

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Delaware
Category: L

Department of Agriculture 2320 South DuPont Highway Dover, DE 19901  302-698-4500

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Must have permit to possess animals not native to state and has specific carnivore category. Permit approval requires a cage, and perimeter fence, positive control of animal and approval of permit application. State issues Carnivore Class licenses to firms, dealers, pet shop operators, research centers, municipal zoos and traveling circuses. For private possession of wildlife for pet purposes, state issue permits for lifetime for each individual. Private ownership of wild mammals requires animals be purchased where previous permits have been issued. Before permit is issued, it must be determined that animal will in no way poses a threat or nuisance to the public.

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Florida
Category: B* & L

Florida Wildlife Conservation Commission 620 South Meridian St. Tallahassee, Fl 32399 (850) 488-4676

Department Web Site Policy

Florida Captive Wildlife Rules

See an interactive online map of exotic cat owners.

Class I animals (includes panthera cats) can not be kept for personal use – must be commercial exhibitors. Class I permit requires 1 year and 1000 hours experience, details of experience and place acquired and 2 references. Documented educational experience in zoology or other relevant biological sciences, obtained at the college or technical school level or above, may substitute for up to six months or 500 hours of the required experience. The Class I permit applicant still has to prove another documented 500 hours or 6 months, if they have the Biological Sciences qualifications. Class I exhibitors must post a $10,000.00 bond or carry 2 million in liability insurance. Class I animal permits require that facilities for Class I animals must be constructed on properties of not less than 5 acres in size. Under a Class II and Class III permit, animals as large as mountain lions can be kept for pets. Class II permits require 1,000 hours experience, or 100 hours experience and successful completion of a test. Class II and Class III wildlife shall not be possessed in multi-unit dwellings unless the dwelling in which they are housed is equipped with private entrance, exit, and yard area. Class II permits for mountain lion, require that facilities for mountain lions must be constructed on properties of not less than 2 acres in size. Applicants for a Class III animals must be at least 16 years of age and shall require the satisfactory completion of a questionnaire developed by the Commission that assesses the applicant’s knowledge of general husbandry, nutritional, and behavioral characteristics. All permits require adherence to structural cage requirements. There are more than 1500 tigers in Florida, but less than 100 of them are in accredited facilities. If you are a resident, type your zip code into any box on this page to see what legislation is pending in your state and make a difference now!  Florida issues more than 4000 exotic ownership permits each year and has to employ 27 inspectors at a cost to tax payers of 1.5 million dollars per year, just to allow people to keep, breed and sell exotic pets. Permits cost between 5. and 250. if you have more than ten animals. This does not generate nearly enough revenue to cover the cost of administration. What can a County in Florida do to ban exotic pet ownership when FWCC says they have supreme authority and no intention of banning this inhumane practice? Click here to see what the Attorney General has to say. Memo of Law.

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Georgia
Category: B

Department of Natural Resources  2 Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, SE Suite 1252, Atlanta, GA 30334, 404.656.3500

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Wildlife Exhibition permit requires that you must be over 18, must be USDA licensed, must have cages with scientific names posted, must conduct a minimum 12 hours education per year, special requirements for rabies prone animals; bats, coyotes, foxes, bobcats. Have specifications for humane handling, care, confinement and transportation of wildlife. Rehabilitation permit; has caging and housing, veterinary, handling requirements. Wild Animal License requires that you must be USDA licensed as breeder, dealer or exhibitor, must have insurance voucher for large felines; big cat species, snow leopard, mountain lion or cheetah, must have proof that no local ordinances forbid holding wildlife. Has regulation that specifies humane handling, care, confinement and transportation of wildlife. No permits issued for non-commercial possession of wild felines, i.e. no pets allowed.

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Hawaii
Category: B

Department of Agriculture  1428 S. King Street,  Honolulu, Hawaii 96814, 808-973-9560

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Import of wild felines into this state is granted only for research by universities or government agencies, exhibition in municipal zoos or other institutions for medical or scientific purposes as determined by the Board of Agriculture. No private ownership allowed.

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Idaho 

Category: N

Department of Agriculture

P. O. Box 790, Boise, Idaho 83701-0790  208-332-8540

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Issues Fur farm permits for bobcats and lynx. Applicants must notify Dept of Agriculture of intention to possess fur bearing animals, individually mark each animal, maintain records of purchases, sales and progeny, allow facility inspection by F & G personnel, and importation of any bobcat or lynx requires valid state health certificate. Frequently people will circumvent the law by claiming to be fur farmers so that they can raise and sell lynx as pets. If you are a resident, type your zip code into any box on this page to see what legislation is pending in your state and make a difference now!

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Illinois

Category: B*

Department of Natural Resources

One Natural Resources Way,  Springfield, IL 62702-1271,  217-782-6302

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Leopards, jaguars, tigers, lions, cheetahs, mountain lions, snow leopards, ocelots, bobcat, jaguarundi and margay are considered by the state as “Dangerous Animals” and require permit approval by the Director of Natural Resources. Permits for these wild felines will only be issued for USDA licensed exhibitions, zoos, for scientific or research purposes, or to animal refuges by the Director of Natural Resources. Illinois does issue fur farm licenses for bobcat. Frequently people will circumvent the law by claiming to be fur farmers so that they can raise and sell lynx as pets. Importation of any wild feline into the state requires approval from Director. An intent to import wildlife must be filed with state Director not less than 30 days prior to importation, and must include veterinary proof animal is free of disease, and director must be satisfied that in no way does the animal pose a threat to wildlife or potential to become a nuisance to people of the state. Zoos and public displays of wildlife are exempt from permit requirement.

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Indiana
Category: L

Division of Fish and Wildlife

402 W Washington St., Rm. W273 Indianapolis, IN 46204 317-232-4080

State Web Site

Department of Natural Resources Web Site

Department of Wildlife Web Site

Issues Wild Animal Possession Permits. Permits are for one year only, must be renewed annually. Class III is for wild cats. Bobcats are native endangered species, but may be legally possessed with proof of legal captive birth paperwork. Must provide health certificate for animal being possessed, escape recapture plan, pay $10.00 fee, have cages inspected by conservation officer. Provides caging requirements that include: concrete floors must be covered with natural substrate, loafing platforms, 14 foot tall walls with 45 degree incline can be used if no roof provided, etc. Persons licensed by the USDA as commercial exhibitors, zoos or dealers are exempted from this state permit and its requirements.

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Iowa
Category: B

Department of Natural Resources

502 E. 9th Street Wallace State Office Building Des Moines, IA 50319 515 281-5918

State Web Site

Department Web Site

5/17/07 Iowa bans Internet Hunting and on 5/27/07 Iowa made it illegal for a person to privately own or possess a dangerous wild animal and it is now illegal to breed or transport them into Iowa. Exotic pet owners won’t have to give up their pets because the bill doesn’t apply to animals currently owned by Iowans. However, the bill requires owners to register their dangerous wild animal. The animals must be listed with the state an electronic identification device must be attached or embedded into the animal.

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Kansas
Category: N & L

Department of Wildlife and Parks

512 SE 25th Ave Pratt, KS 67124 (620) 672-5911

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Exotic felines may be kept, bred, sold, imported, purchased, without limit in time or number despite the fact that there is no legitimate market for them. Wildlife must be confined and all activity is subject to federal or state rules and regulations. Possession of mountain lions requires a Special Wildlife Possession permit. Commercial breeding of mountain lions requires a Game Breeder Permit. Bobcats purchased legally from other states and possessed in Kansas are not regulated. There is no reason for the general public to be breeding and selling exotic cats in Kansas.

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Kentucky
Category: B

Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources

#1 Sportsman’s Lane,  Frankfort, KY 40601,  800-858-1549

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Effective 2005, a ban on the private possession of tigers, lions, monkeys, bears, venomous reptiles, and other dangerous wildlife has been enacted in Kentucky. One of the most comprehensive restrictions on the keeping of exotic animals as “pets” in the United States, the regulation also prohibits existing animals from being bred. Existing confining facilities shall be large enough to allow reasonable space for exercise, shelter, and maintenance of sanitary conditions. The holder of an existing pet or breeding permit shall allow a conservation officer to inspect the facilities at any reasonable time.  As of 2012 Kentucky has held the record for five years in a row of having the most lacking regulations for protecting animals of all kinds according to the ALDF.

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Louisiana
Category: B

Department of Wildlife and Fisheries

P.O. Box 98000 Baton Rouge, LA 70898  1-800-256-2749

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Bobcats require a non-game quadruped exhibitor or breeder license. In April 2006 Louisiana passed a ban on the possession of non human primates, cougars, bears, wolves & hybrids. Exceptions are AZA accredited facilities. Those in legal possession at this time may keep the animals until they die, but they may not be bred, replaced nor taken out in public and no public contact is allowed.

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Maine
Category: L

Department of Inland Fisheries & Wildlife

Mailing Address:
41 State House Station
Augusta, ME 04333-0041

Physical Address:
284 State Street
Augusta, ME 04333-0041

Department phone number is:  207-287-8000

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Personal Possession requires Import Permit and Propagator Permit. Exhibitor requires exhibitor’s permit. Have caging, health, safety, and sanitation requirements. Permit application asks for reason to be imported, experience level of applicant, and takes into consideration the potential for animal to harm humans or environment.

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Maryland
Category: B*

Department of Natural Resources  580 Taylor Avenue, Annapolis, MD 21401,  1-877-620-8DNR (8367)

State Web Site

Department Web Site

No personal possession permits. Denial of personal possession is based on the rabies concern and a lack of an USDA approved rabies vaccination for wild felines. A public zoo park, museum, educational institution, or a person holding a valid state or federal permit for educational, medical, scientific or exhibition purposes may possess, trade, barter, import or sell wild felines. As of 2006 a sanctuary is defined as a 501 c 3, that does not buy, sell, trade, lease, or breed outside of the SSP and does not conduct commercial activity with respect to any animal. While it would appear that MD is trying to be responsible in regards to rabies, the exclusion of educators, who drag their animals out to schools for a fee, outweighs their proactive attempts.

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Massachusetts
Category: B

Department of Fish and Wildlife

251 Causeway St., #400, Boston, MA. 02114,  617-626-1500

State Web Site

Department Web Site

No permits for breeding unless in compliance with AZA, IUCN, or the state of Massachusetts or the USA, and in the eyes of MA Director will make a meaningful contribution to the survival and recovery of the species. No personal possession permits for the purpose of pet ownership will be issued. Authentic and legitimate educational use certified by zoological or biological officials will be issued permits. Commercial businesses where the animal is in conjunction with the applicant’s primary existing occupation or livelihood will be granted a permit.

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Michigan
Category: B* & N

Department of Natural Resources

Wildlife Division P.O. Box 30444 Lansing, MI 48909  517-373-1263

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Must have permit to hold wildlife for native species mountain lion and lynx are state-endangered species and cannot be privately owned for pets. Bobcats in MI are regulated by the Department of Natural Resources. Separate enclosure must be built first, and then a special permit called “Permit to Hold Wildlife in Captivity” needs to be obtained BEFORE getting the animal and are issued by the Department of Natural Resources Permit Specialist, James Janson. Inspection may be required before permit approval and Monthly Inventory Reports are required after obtaining the permit. Minimum Enclosure Requirements for a Bobcat: 8ft x 6ft x 6ft for a single animal. 24 sq ft of floor space per additional animal. (compare to the five square miles this animal would roam in the wild) Clawing logs. Den Box 2ft x 2ft per animal. Climbing tree 3 or more 4in diameter branches for each animal. Lounging shelf must be 14in x 36in located at least 3ft above floor per animal. Tigers, Leopards, Lions, Jaguar, Panther, Cheetah, mountain lion, and hybrids of such are not to be owned by private individuals. Only persons who possess a USDA Class C exhibitors license will be granted a state permit to possess big cat species or mountain lions. Existing large felines owned by those without this federal permit must register their feline with the state and a variety of regulations must be complied with for the animal to continue to be possessed for it’s lifetime. The new regulations forbid the breeding of any large feline. Importation of other non-native species is regulated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Division . Department of Natural Resources does not regulate small exotic felines at this time.

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Minnesota
Category: B*

Department of Natural Resources

500 Lafayette Road,  St. Paul, MN 55155-4040  651-296-6157 or toll free 888-646-6367

State Web Site

Department Web Site

It is unlawful for a person to possess a regulated animal. A regulated animal is defined as all members of the felidae family (except domestic cats); all bears; and all non-human primates. A person who possesses a regulated animal on the effective date of the law, January 1, 2005, has 90 days to register the animal with the local animal control authority. Persons possessing a registered regulated animal may replace the regulated animal if he/she dies, but may replace he/she only once. The law also requires those longtime owners to have a written plan to recapture escaped animals and to meet Department of Agriculture requirements for caging, including having a perimeter fence around primary enclosures. Regulated-animal signs must be posted, and wildcats must be registered with local animal-control authorities, who in rural counties might be the sheriff.

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Mississippi 

Category: L

Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks

1505 Eastover Dr.,  Jackson, MS 39211,  601-432-2400

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Must obtain permit for all big cats, clouded, snows, cheetahs and mountain lions. Can get personal possession, or breeding or exhibiting permits. Requires $100,000 per animal Liability insurance, health certificate $300.00 per animal yearly fee. Sanctuaries are exempted from paying yearly fee, only if they are USDA Class C licensed. Permits have caging, housing, record keeping requirements.

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Missouri
Category: N

Department of Conservation P.O. Box 180 Jefferson, MO 65102 573-751-4115

State Web Site

Department Web Site

2010:  Large Carnivore Act (LCA): This law requires anyone who owns, breeds, possesses, or transports a large carnivore on or after January 1, 2012, to obtain a permit from the Missouri Department of Agriculture and to maintain a minimum of $250,000 in liability insurance. Verification of insurance must be provided annually. The LCA (Section 578.600 – 578.624 RSMO) includes the following protections for the animals;

  • Requires the Department of Agriculture to enforce the provisions of the Act to ensure that owners of such animals “practice best husbandry and health care protocols to ensure the humane and safe treatment of large carnivores on behalf of their physical well-being.”
  • Requires owners of large carnivores to provide their animals with adequate care and treatment, as established by USDA, in the areas of housing, handling, transportation, sanitation, nutrition, water, general husbandry, veterinary care, and protection from extreme weather and temperature.
  • Prohibits the issuance of a permit to own or possess a large carnivore to anyone who has “been found guilty of, or pled guilty to, a violation of any state or local law prohibiting neglect or mistreatment of any animal…”
  • Prohibits the issuance of a permit to anyone who has any type of felony conviction within the previous ten years.

Effective March 2008 MO Wildlife Code changed as follows: Safety: Because of the inherent danger and potential liability associated with the possession of bears, mountain lions, wolves and their hybrids, the Conservation Commission now requires owners of these animals to identify each individual with a microchip embedded under the animal’s skin. The owners must also submit a blood or tissue sample for DNA analysis. All animals must be registered with the Department when acquired, born, at death, or when sold. This will aid enforcement of illegal sales of these animals and will help Department biologists distinguish escaped and released captives from wild animals. MO Conservationist magazine Feb issue at magazine@mdc.mo.gov where Wildlife Code book for 2008 has been released. Now help get SB 1032 passed at CatLaws.com. Current Regs: Regulates bobcat and mountain lion only – has caging requirements and permit application. Bobcats are Class 1 animals, mountain lions are Class II animals. Bobcats can be permitted for personal possession reasons, called Wildlife Hobby Permit for $10 fee. Commercial breeders can get a Class I Wildlife Breeder Permit for $50 per year. Possession of mountain lions requires a Class II Breeder Permit for $150.00 per year – they cannot be possessed under the wildlife hobby permit. Has caging, husbandry and transportation standards.

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Montana
Category: L & N

Fish, Wildlife and Parks

P.O. Box 200701 Helena, MT 59620  406-444-2535

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Bobcats and lynx are listed as furbearers. But if they are raised not for their fur or body parts, a permit is not required. State issues Fur Farm permit, but make one exception. If animal is raised not for its fur or body parts, a permit is not required. Importation of wild felines in the state requires an import permit. Possession of wild felines requires a valid permit. State has permits for Roadside Menageries and Wild Animal Menagerie and Zoo licenses. Tigers and mountain lions must be tattooed on the left thigh. Roadside Menageries must keep detailed records of acquisition, birth, death and transfer. There are also housing, feeding, treatment and care regulations. Roadside Menagerie Permits requires proof of $100,000 liability insurance on each occurrence of bodily injury. Insurance must be with a reputable operation and must cover all injury to the public whether negligent operation, maintenance care, confinement or supervision causes an accident. Permit fees are $10.00 for less then 6 animals, and over 6 animals cost $25.00. No more than 10 animals may be possessed with a Wild Animal Menagerie permit. Has caging, record keeping, feeding, treatment and sanitation requirements. Zoo permits require that the licensee be a non-profit organization.

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Nebraska
Category: B*

Game and Parks Commission

2200 N. 33rd St., Lincoln, NE 68503   402-471-0641

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Private, non-commercial possession of wild felidae, including cross breeds with domestic cats is illegal. Only issues permits for the possession of felidae to municipal, state or federal zoos, parks, refuges or wildlife areas, or bona fide circus or animal exhibit. Also issues fur farm licenses for bobcat and lynx for the purpose of raising these species for fur or producing stock for sale to persons engaged in fur farming.

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Nevada
Category: N

Department of Wildlife

1100 Valley Rd., Reno, NV 89512   775-688-1500

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Requires a permit for the possession of bobcats and mountain lions. Also has import permit for bobcat and mountain lion. All other felines are exempt from permit requirements. Issues both non-commercial licenses ($5.00 per year) and commercial licenses ($100 per year.) Has caging requirements. Allows for the option of open-topped enclosures. mountain lions must have perimeter fences 8 feet tall and have Y-recurve on top of at least 12 inches wide. Gates must be self-closing and have two locking devices. Native felines must be permanently marked or ear-tagged.

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New Hampshire
Category: B

New Hampshire Fish and Game Department  11 Hazen Drive, Concord, NH 03301, 603-271-3211

State Web Site

Department Web Site

New Hampshire only allows possession of wild felines by USDA licensed exhibitors. The NH state exhibitor permit requires that one have 2,000 hours of paid experience with a licensed exhibitor to qualify. Exhibitors must not allow direct contact of the felines with the public.

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New Jersey
Category: B

N.J. Division of Fish and Wildlife, Mail Code 501-03, P.O. Box 420, Trenton, NJ 08625-0420
609-292-2965

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Does not issue permits for potentially dangerous species (All felids) for pet or hobby purposes. Possession of potentially dangerous species must be for scientific holding, animal exhibitor, zoological holding or animal dealer. Application asks for education and background information, demonstration of a working knowledge of the species, the stated purpose and intent, description of housing and caging plans. An Endangered species possession permits will not be issued for the purpose of breeding by amateurs. A scientific institution, zoological society or similar organization must sponsor the possession of any endangered species.

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New Mexico
Category: B

Department of Game and Fish P.O. Box 25112 Santa Fe, NM 87504    505-476-8000

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Must have importation permit before wildlife may enter this state. Discourages and prevents the importation of non-native species into state. Does issue permits for zoos, Class A parks, and scientific study. Importation of non-game species requires a confinement and maintenance plan, and certificate from veterinarian that animal is disease free and copy of applicant’s USDA exhibitor or breeder license.

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New York
Category: B

State Department of Environmental Conservation

625 Broadway, Albany, New York 12233-0001     518-402-8995

State Web Site

Department Web Site

In 2005 new law specifically prohibits the possession, sale, barter and importing of big cats, monkeys, large reptiles, bears, wolves, venomous snakes and many other wild animals as pets. State issue permits for Possession, Sale and breeding, Scientific or Exhibition purposes, Collection and Possession in some cases. Endangered species breeding permits. Also issues fur-farming permits for bobcats and lynx. Native felines may not be kept as pets. New legislation is pending and you can help save the lynx from anal/genital electrocution and eliminate dangerous exotic cats from being sold or possessed in New York.

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North Carolina
Category: N

Wildlife Resources Commission

1701 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1701   919-707-0010

State Web Site

Department Web Site

In 2005 NC is proposing a ban of private ownership of exotic animals. Issues Wildlife Captivity License. For private possession of mountain lions, state requires natural habitats of rather grandiose proportions. Minimum one-acre enclosure, 12 foot fences, with 45 degree recurve, have a pool, have a den, have vegetation and landscaping, property must be owned by applicant. Zoos or Scientific Research facilities are allowed to keep mountain lions in concrete and chain link cages. No natural habitats required for bobcats as are for mountain lions, but state has minimum cage size requirements. Must apply for Import Permit if native feline is being brought into state from outside the state. Must be USDAlicensed to import any species native to the US. But that is not a requirement to purchase in-state, though NC does not issue permits for pet purposes. State does not regulate non-native species, but many counties have enacted regulations of wild felines.

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North Dakota
Category: L

Board of Animal Health Department of Agriculture 600 E Boulevard Ave. Dept 602 Bismarck, ND 58505  701-328-2655

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Regulates private ownership of nontraditional livestock, i.e.: all wild animals in captivity, by issuing licenses. Bobcats and lynx are category 3 animals (native to the state) all other felines are Category 4. (Inherently dangerous) Before any class 3 or 4 animals can be imported into the state, an importation permit must be issued. Nontraditional livestock permitees must keep records of sales, purchases, escapes, captures, diseases or animal transfers or births. Record keeping must be available for inspection.

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Ohio
Category: B

Department of Natural Resources 2045 Morse Road, Building G, Columbus OH 43229-6693    614-265-6300 and 800-WILDLIFE

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Requires a permit to posses the native endangered species, bobcat. Permits issued for zoological, breeding, scientific and educational purposes. Must have permit before the bobcat can be imported into the state. On June 5th, 2012 a law passed that banned the private possession of dangerous wild animals, including most exotic cats.  Those who have the animals must register them but cannot buy or breed more.  The only exemptions for breeding are AZA accredited zoos (and ZAA for now, but that needs to change) and sanctuaries that are accredited by the Global Federation of Animal Sanctuaries can continue to rescue wild animals. See the details of the OHIO WILD ANIMAL BAN.

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Oklahoma
Category: L

Department of Wildlife Conservation P.O. Box 53465 Oklahoma City, OK 73152 405-521-3851

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Requires a Commercial Breeder’s permit for possession of any native bear or cat (black bear and mountain lion) that has an adult weight that exceeds 50 pounds, even if the animal is not to be bred. Issues Personal Possession permits for any native wildlife to be kept for hobby purposes. Importation into the state of bobcats, or mountain lion, requires an Import Permit. Cage construction and inspection is required before permit is issued. Requires that permitee follow the general care guidelines of the AWA. Permit fee is $48.00 for commercial permit and $5.00 for personal possession permit. Passed this change in spring 2003 legislative session removing the regulation of exotic felines over 50 pounds. Just native species are regulated.

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Oregon
Category: L

Department of Fish and Wildlife

3406 Cherry Avenue N.E, Salem, OR 97303   503-947-6000  or  800-720-ODFW [6339]

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Neither bobcat or lynx can be bartered, sold or purchased in the state of Oregon. Oregon Dept. off Fish and Wildlife issues holding permit for bobcat, but it is not legal for Oregon residents to sell bobcats. They issue commercial wildlife propagators license for mountain lions. The State Department of Agriculture regulates exotic animal permits.

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Pennsylvania
Category: L

Game Commission 2001 Elmerton Ave Harrisburg, PA 17110  717-787-4250

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Has Exotic Wildlife Possession Permit ($50.00 per animal) that does not allow breeding and sale. Exotic Wildlife Dealer Permit ($200.00) does allow breeding and resale. Wildlife Menagerie Permit ($100) allows possession of cats as well as many other species, but to qualify, facility must be open to the public and charge a fee. PA Game Commission has caging, housing, bill of sale, sanitation and general requirements to be met to qualify for permit. State game protector inspects facilities prior to permit approval. Exotic Wildlife Possession Permit requires inspection by game protector prior to receiving animal. Exotic Wildlife Permit allows the importation and possession of wildlife, but a separate permit must be applied for each animal. New regulation passed in April 2003 requires a two year experience requirement for each for each canid or felid species permit applied for.

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Rhode Island
Category: L

Division of Fish and Wildlife 3 Ft. Wetherill Road, Jamestown, RI 02879, 401-423-1920

State Web Site

Rhode Island State Veterinarian Dr Scott Marshall Division of Agriculture 235 Promenade St. Room 370 Providence, RI 02908

Department of Environmental Management

Must obtain a permit from the RI Dept of Environment, Department of Agriculture to import, possess or receive any native wildlife or hybrid thereof. Permits are issued to AZA zoos, US F & W Service, or other USDA approved facilities complying with the AWA, with specific attention to part 3 – Standards, part 2 sub-part E – Identification of Animals and additionally sub-part C – Research facilities. Exotic wildlife is regulated by the state veterinarian. To possess or import any exotic wildlife, contact the RI state veterinarian.

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South Carolina
Category: N

Department of Natural Resources P.O. Box 167 Columbia, SC 29202  803-734-3886

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Section 47-5-50 Prohibition on sale of wild carnivores as pets; No carnivores, which normally are not domesticated, may be sold as a pet in this state. Dangerous animals are not permitted beyond premises unless safely restrained. Further, those possessing dangerous animals must maintain them in a controlled and confined manner. Dangerous animal is not defined only on the basis of species. No person may possess with the intent to sell, offer for sale, breed, or buy, or attempt to buy, a known dangerous animal; however, this subsection does not apply to a person who is licensed to possess and breed an animal under the classifications specified and regulated by the United States Department of Agriculture under the Animal Welfare Act as codified in Title 7 of the United States Code. It is illegal to sell, possess or import wild felines except for scientific or exhibition purposes. 2/19/07 Chester County will be looking at possibly changing its zoning procedure and putting in an exotic animal ban. Because SC has no state wide ban on possession in place, many counties have passed their own ordinances either banning or strictly regulating exotic animal ownership. York County has an ordinance banning exotic animals. Lancaster County has banned them as well, as has Fairfield County. Lexington County outside Columbia has a ban, as does the town of Mount Pleasant. Beaufort County has a ban as well. Lexington County’s ordinance is just one page. It lists several types of “exotic animals” from lions and tigers and other big cats, to reptiles, bears, elephants and gorillas. Lancaster County’s ordinance bans exotic animals, saying “no person, firm or corporation shall keep or permit to be kept on their premises any exotic animal as a pet for display or for exhibition purposes.”

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South Dakota
Category: L

Animal Industry Board 411 South Fort Street Pierre, SD 57501 605-773-3321

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Must apply for annual Captive Non-Domestic Animal permit. Facility must be built and approved before issuing permit. Permit fee is $10.00 per animal, maximum of $100.00. State issues Import permit and it may be granted by telephone. Zoo permit is also $10.00 per animal up to $100 maximum and allows the possession of any non-domestic mammal. Applicants must be non-profit exhibitors.

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Tennessee 

Category: B

Wildlife Resources Agency

Ellington Agricultural Center, 440 Hogan Rd., Nashville, TN 37220,  615-781-6500

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Possession of dangerous animals requires commercial activity and USDA license. Has Exhibitor permit – $500.00 per year and Breeder permits $1,000 per year. Zoos are exempt from permit requirements if they are AZA accredited. There is a Rehab permit. A test is required for Class I permit (covers big cat species, snow leopards, cheetahs and mountain lions). Test is on handling, habits, health care and housing. Have caging, sanitation, and housing standards. Cages must be inspected by TDW before animals will be permitted. Small cat species fall under Class III, which does not require a permit. Bobcats are considered a native species and require a class II permit. State has housing and transportation rules for possession of any wild animal.

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Texas
Category: L

Parks and Wildlife Department, Headquarters 4200 Smith School Rd., Austin, TX 78744   389-4800
State Web Site

Parks and Wildlife Web Site

In 2001 the Texas legislature passed a state law mandating that all counties either regulate or ban “dangerous” wild animals. A list of species considered dangerous contains nearly all felines, with only a few species such as geoffroy’s cats, jungle cats and asian leopard cats not listed. Each county must develop a plan to administer a registration process that requires a permit fee, caging standards, $100,000 liability insurance and veterinary care requirements as outlined in the state law. Many counties have chosen to ban rather then fund a county registration requirement. This is an irresponsible way to manage a state wide problem. There are more tigers in Texas than there are left in the wild. The state needs much tougher legislation to prevent the breeding, selling and often the shooting of exotic cats in canned hunts.

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Utah
Category: B

Department of Natural Resources Main office
PO Box 145610, 1594 W North Temple
Salt Lake City, UT 84114-5610
801-538-7200

Division of Wildlife Resources Main office
1594 W North Temple, Suite 2110m PO Box 146301
Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-6301
801-538-4700
DWRcomment@utah.gov

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Issues permits for educational and scientific use of wild felines. Applicant must be university, government agency, non-profit institution, or persons involved in wildlife research. Wild felines can be imported and possessed for commercial purposes by a bona fide zoo, circus, amusement park, or film company. Also bobcat or lynx can be propagated for their fur but you must apply for a certificate of registration from the department.

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Vermont
Category: B

Department of Fish and Wildlife 103 South Main Street Waterbury, VT 05671 802-241-3700

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Must have an importation permit before any wild felines may enter the state. Office does not issue permits if wild felines are desired for pets, breeding stock or private collection. They have not issued any importation permits for wild felines. With sufficient documentation, they would allow the importation for scientific research, education, or exhibition purposes.

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Virginia
Category: B*

Department of Game and Inland Fisheries P.O. Box 11104 Richmond, VA 23230 804-367-1000

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Does not allow pet possession of wild felines. Must be USDA licensed as a Class B broker or C Exhibitor or have scientific or educational purposes. Must have import permit before animals can enter this state. USDA licensed persons are automatically granted an import permit, but must notify state 24 hours in advance of intention to import, and FAX a copy of their current license or registration prior to receiving new animals.

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Washington
Category: B

Department of Fish and Wildlife

Building 74, 324 Fourth Ave, South Charleston, WV 25303,  304-558-2754

State Web Site

Department Web Site

(7) Scientific research or display: The director may issue written authorization for a person to import into the state, hold, possess and propagate live specimens of wildlife listed in subsection (2) of this section, for scientific research or for display by zoos or aquariums who are accredited institutional members of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA), provided that the person:
(a) Confines the specimens to a secure facility;
(b) Does not transfer specimens to any other location within the state without the director’s written authorization, and the specimens are transferred to other AZA-accredited facilities and transported by AZA-accredited institutional members or their authorized agents;
(c) Does not sell or otherwise dispose of specimens within the state, unless the director gives written approval to sell or dispose of the specimens;
(d) Keeps records on the specimens and make reports as the director requires; and
(e) Complies with the requirements in this section.

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West Virginia
Category: B

Division of Natural Resources

Building 74, 324 Fourth Ave, South Charleston, WV 25303,  304-558-2754

State Web Site

Department Web Site

3/21/14 Gov. Tomblin has signed a bill into law to prohibit the private possession of dangerous wild animals. Introduced by Del. Randy Swartzmiller (D-1), HB 4393 passed the House by a vote of 72 to 23, and the Senate by a 22 to 11 vote.

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Wisconsin
Category: O

Department of Natural Resources Box 7921 Madison, WI 53707 608-266-2621 toll free  888-936-7463

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Regulates native species bobcat, mountain lion and lynx, but not exotic wildlife. State allows possession of these species for exhibition or advertising purposes and issues Exhibitor’s License. Applicants must provide information on location of exhibit, source of exhibit animals, USDA license to exhibit. State also issues permit for Game Farms to those engaged in the breeding or hobby keeping of wildlife.

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Wyoming
Category: B

Game and Fish Department 5400 Bishop Boulevard Cheyenne, WY 82006  307-777-4600

State Web Site

Department Web Site

Possession of all wildlife is regulated by state statutes and commission regulations. Application for possession permit requiring source of wildlife, purpose of possession, description of holding facility, biological evaluation on threats to native species must be approved before importation permit will be issued. Bobcats can be possessed for commercial fur farming. Lynx, considered native protected species may be possessed only for scientific and educational permits. There shall be no private ownership of animals classified as trophy animals, which includes mountain lions. Applications for possession of exotic felines will be evaluated upon human health and safety, animal welfare and threats to Wyoming’s wildlife resources from competition, damage, and destruction of habitat and predation.

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USDA Licensing & Federal Laws As of September 17, 2007 it is illegal to transport a big cat across state lines as a pet, which means from any non USDA licensed facility or to any non USDA licensed facility. Read the entire Captive Wildlife Safety Act. USDA prohibits public contact with big cat babies under the age of 8 weeks and over the age of 12 weeks. If you see someone using a cub who is too young or too old, please photograph the event and report the exhibitor’s name, location and what you saw to stop this abuse. There is only a one month window in which exhibitors are allowed to use the cubs. There is a pending bill to ban all contact with big cats and their babies. Before you pay to have your photo made with a big cat, check with your regional USDA office to make sure you are not breaking the Federal laws. This is an important law that will protect big cats from being bred for this purpose. Many states and individual counties require a USDA license (usually a Class C Exhibitor’s license) as a prerequisite for gaining a permit to possess wild felines. The following explanation may clarify this requirement.

Commercial Activity is Required for a USDA License so a person who wants a big cat as a pet will be forced to take the cat out in the open on display or breed and sell cubs in order to circumvent the laws against having the big cats as “pets”. While the requirement was probably well intentioned, it created more opportunity for injury and fatalities than it cured. USDA Animal Welfare Act regulates the use of animals in commerce. Commercial activity is a prerequisite for licensing. If there is no commercial activity, (i.e., the animal is merely a pet), you are not eligible to enroll in the Animal Welfare Program and gain a USDA license. USDA licenses animal facilities which own or possess these animals. The license is issued to an individual. There are three classes of USDA license – A, B and C. For ownership of wild felines, each class of licenses require that the license holder submit a letter saying that they have adequate husbandry knowledge of the species they possess. Class A License In the case of wild felines specifically, a USDA Class A license is mandatory if the individual is engaged in the sales of offspring produced by the individual’s felines. If the individual is breeding his adult animals but is not selling the offspring, he is not eligible for a USDA Class A license. (no commercial activity) Holder’s of a Class A license may not broker animals, only sell their offspring. Class A license for wild felines requires caging that allows the animal to stand up and turn around and a perimeter fence, no closer that 3 feet to the cage. Perimeter fences for felines defined as dangerous (specifically lions, tigers, leopards, jaguars, mountain lion, cheetah) must be eight feet in height. Caging for smaller felines must be surrounded by a six foot perimeter fence. In the case of multiple animal collections, often a single perimeter fence encloses all the animal cages. There is no definition of how this fence is to be constructed. Class B License A USDA Class B license is mandatory if the individual is selling wild felines not bred by the adult animals in the licensee’s possession. That is, they are brokering other people’s animals – buying and selling adults or offspring, not part of the licensee’s long term collection. Holder’s of a Class B license may engage in limited, controlled exhibiting, such as is required to facilitate the sales of offspring or recently acquired animals. When conducting exhibition of animals the licensee must be responsible for physically preventing any direct contact between the visitors and the animals and their cages. This type of exhibiting cannot be a major part of the commercial activity engaged in by the licensee. Class B license for wild felines requires adequate caging and a perimeter fence, no closer than 3 feet to the cage. In the case of multiple animal collections, often a single perimeter fence encloses all the animal cages. Class C License USDA Class C licenses are commonly referred to as an Exhibitor’s license. Person’s holding class C licenses may exhibit their animals to the public. This is the same license all zoos possess. All exhibitors, whether municipal owned zoos, or privately owned roadside zoos and menageries, circuses, or self proclaimed educator’s that bring animals off-site, must adhere to the same minimal USDA guidelines and standards. USDA Class C facilities may breed and sell offspring, they may broker offspring bred by others, and they may exhibit animals, though the major activity of a Class C licensee must be the exhibiting of the animals. Examples of this is found with zoos: 1. they are open to the public (exhibit), 2. produce baby animals and sell them (breeder), 3. they trade animals amongst other zoos and often times sell animals for various reasons after only owning them a short while (broker). Every year the public wants to see babies so all of last year’s babies must be disposed of. Since all of the zoos breed to supply the public’s demand to see babies the offspring are rarely wanted by other zoos so they end up in the hands of backyard breeders and in canned hunts. Minimum USDA Requirements for possession of Wild Felines Facilities which regularly allow the public to view their animals must have these three elements. 1. A cage big enough for the animal to stand up and turn around in. 2. A barrier fence, which can be just a rope. 3. A perimeter fence, of no particular substance or strength. The Animal Welfare Act is enforced by 90 inspectors who are charged with inspecting more than 10,000 licensees that are breeding, selling and exhibiting wildlife. For more information about USDA licenses and the animal welfare act, visit the USDA Animal Care web site at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ac/. The USDA was originally created to regulate farming and the “use” of animals. Big Cat Rescue does not believe that exotic cats should be “used” and having the oversight of exotic cats in the hands of those who have such an archaic view of animals as mindless creatures who are undeserving of our compassion and respect is a travesty.

Important Notice Every effort has been made to ensure that this information is accurate, and appropriate contact information has been included for each state. This is only a brief summary, and laws are being changed daily. In many cases, the actual laws are quite long and involved. This page last updated: June 2012 Accredited Rescue Facilites Accredited ZoosWhat can you do about it? Write your state representatives and tell them that exotic cats should not be bred or sold to be kept in cages. Check out pending legislation that you can influence with just a few mouse clicks below.

Got an update? Let us know at Info @ Big Cat Rescue . org

BCR and 23 NGOs ask for zero demand for tiger parts

BCR and 23 NGOs ask for zero demand for tiger parts

Nagpur: As delegates prepare for the 3rd Asia ministerial conference on tiger conservation in Delhi, over 23 NGOs and bodies in the country want a commitment to zero demand for tiger parts in order to achieve zero poaching.

The Asia ministerial conference will be inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday. More than 700 tiger experts, scientists, managers, donors and other stakeholders are gathering to discuss issues related to tiger conservation. Ministers and government officials from all tiger range countries — Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, India, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russian Federation, Thailand, Vietnam, besides Kyrgyz Republic and Kazakhstan are also participating in the meet.

This conference is being co-organized by ministry of environment, forest and climate change, National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), Global Tiger Forum (GTF), Global Tiger Initiative Council (GTIC), Wildlife Institute of India (WII), WWF and Wildlife Conservation Trust (WCT).

“Conservation successes are visible in tiger range countries with enactment of strong laws and where wild tigers are valued for the role they play in the ecosystem, compared to those tiger range countries where ‘tiger farming’ exists and where they are valued as a commodity,” the NGOs said. “It is time for tiger range countries to unite in a commitment to end tiger farming and to end all domestic and international trade in parts and derivatives of tigers from captive facilities,” they said.

The signatories include Satpuda Foundation, Tiger Conservation And Action Trust (TRACT), Born Free, Conservation Action Trust (CAT), Wildlife Protection Society of India (WPSI), Wildlife SOS India, Sanctuary Asia, The Corbett Foundation, BNHS India, Big Cat Rescue among others.

The NGOs have reminded the conference that many facilities that keep tigers are engaged in legal and illegal trade, both domestic and international, in parts and derivatives of tigers. There are estimated 7,000 tigers in captivity in tiger farms in South East Asia and China — and there are no signs that these facilities are being phased out.

Chinese government allows domestic trade in the skin of captive-bred tigers for use as luxury home decor and for taxidermy. This stimulates the demand and increases pressure on the world’s remaining 3,200 wild tigers.

“How can we expect demand-reduction campaigns to work in China if the government itself permits people to buy tiger skins,” the NGOs asked, adding tigers in India, Nepal, Bangladesh and the Russian Far East are still being targeted for markets in China and for Chinese consumers in Myanmar and Lao PDR.

There is also a thriving market in Vietnam and Indonesia. Tigers are not just killed for skin, but their bones are used to brew ‘tiger bone wine’, meat is sold as a delicacy and teeth and claws are sold as charms. “We collectively call on the conference to urge the countries with facilities which keep or breed tigers for trade to demonstrate genuine commitment to tiger conservation,” the NGOs demanded.

Tiger poaching

http://m.timesofindia.com/city/nagpur/ngos-demand-urgent-steps-to-end-tiger-farming-and-trade/articleshow/51785907.cms?utm_source=toimobile&utm_medium=Whatsapp&utm_campaign=referral