Circus

Circus

Circus Acts That Use Wild Cats Should be Banned

Big cats and other animals do not belong in circuses. Circus life is inherently cruel for two key reasons:

  1. The animals spend the vast majority of their time confined in tiny boxes while being transported from city to city.
  2. Trainers claim they only use positive reinforcement, but that is not true. Cats are independent and while they quickly learn the behaviors, they simply will not perform reliably based on positive reinforcement, or what is known as operant conditioning. They will perform only if they feel like it. The ONLY way to get them to perform reliably is by training them with physical punishment, which is a form of abuse.

Social values evolve over time. We forget that it was only 100 years ago that a small band of suffragettes seeking the vote for women were mocked, beaten and thrown in jail by a society that broadly accepted the idea that only men should vote. Similarly, fifty years ago almost no one thought about what life was like for circus animals. The circus was viewed then, and still is by some, as part of the American identity.

But, in the last two decades that has changed dramatically. Country after country has banned using big cats and other animals in circuses. Sadly, nationally the U.S. is woefully behind at the national level, with the one large circus employing an army of lobbyists to resist efforts to correct this injustice. But, at the local level, there has been enormous progress in the United States. Over 50 local governments have passed ordinances or laws banning use of animals in circuses or limiting the abusive ways they are treated.

Bull hook bans are a great example. A bull hook is a medieval looking pole with a metal point and hook at the end. Do you know why the ban works?  Because young elephants are beaten with the bull hook so they fear it as adults. If circus trainers cannot carry a bull hook into the ring, they have no way to control the elephants. The result? Ringling is stopping use of elephants in their circus. They should also stop using big cats.

We are seeing the evolution of our society’s concern for animal treatment affect other major animal exhibitors.  The movie Blackfish resulted in major changes at Sea World.

Below are videos that give you a more vivid view of the history and issues related to the circus.  Below them are lists of countries and US jurisdictions that have responded to the growing public outrage over cruel use of animals in the circus.

What can you do to help?

Sign the pledge committing not to attend a circus that uses animals by clicking the image below and spread the word on social media asking others to do so. If enough people stop attending, the circus will become unprofitable and will stop using animals, much like lower attendance caused Sea World to change.

No Circus Kids

 

 

 

No Circus Kids

 

 

 

 


http://www.bornfree.org.uk/campaigns/zoo-check/circuses-performing-animals/

TALKING POINTS

  • Tigers don’t want to jump through hoops of fire
  • Elephants don’t want to balance on their back legs on top of a ball
  • Lions don’t want to be hit with whips
  • Elephants don’t want sharp bull hooks poking them until they bleed
  • Tigers don’t want to be electrocuted with prods
  • Even the baby elephants are tied up with ropes and chains!
  • This is their very sad life in the circus
  • Animals perform because they are afraid of being hurt!
  • They perform stupid tricks because they are scared of the trainers
  • Tigers and lions spend most of their time in tiny cages with no exercise
  • Elephants spend most of their time chained to the ground so tightly they can’t walk even a couple of steps
  • The animals lose their minds after a while, but the circus trainers still don’t care
  • People use animals in the circus to make money
  • Circus owners don’t care if the elephants cry
  • Circus owners don’t care if the tigers are hurt…or thirsty…or scared
  • Circus owners don’t care if the lions are tired or starving
  • Some of the animals even die
  • It is up to us kids to help the animals
  • Animals should be treated with kindness
  • Animals should be respected, not abused
  • Don’t ever buy a ticket to any circus that has animals (or don’t let your parents buy tickets)

No Circus Kids

Worldwide circus bans

Posted: 27 March 2006. Updated: 16 December 2014 by http://www.ad-international.org/animals_in_entertainment/go.php?id=281

EUROPE

Austria: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses.
Belgium: Nationwide ban on the use of most wild animals in circuses (Parrots and camel are classed as domestic)
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Nationwide ban on all animals in circuses
Croatia: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses.
Czech Republic: Nationwide ban on the use of certain species in circuses.
Cyprus: Nationwide ban on all animals in circuses
Denmark: Nationwide ban on the use of certain species in circuses.
Estonia: Nationwide ban on the use of wild-born animals in circuses.
Finland: Nationwide ban on the use of certain species in circuses.
Greece: Nationwide ban on all animals in circuses
Hungary: Nationwide ban on the use of wild caught animals in circuses, the purchase and training of elephants and primates for circus performances and the purchase, training and use of CITES (Appendix 1) listed species in circuses.
Ireland: Local bans on the use of animals in circuses in Clonakilty, Cork, Drogheda, Fingal, Galway City, Kildare, Monaghan, Moyle, South Dublin and Waterford
Malta:Nationwide ban on all animals for performances, exhibitions, shows or training for the circus
The Netherlands Nationwide ban on the use and transport of animals in circuses, with exemptions for certain, mostly domestic, species
Norway Local ban on wild or exotic animal shows in Tromsø municipality
Poland: Nationwide ban on the use of wild-born animals in circuses.
Portugal: Nationwide ban restricting the use of great apes in circuses and the acquisition and breeding of CITES listed species.
Slovenia: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses
Spain: Local bans on the use of wild animals in circuses in several towns including Barcelona.
Sweden: Nationwide ban on the use of certain species in circuses.
UK: Over 200 local authorities have bans on animal circuses (more than two thirds of these ban all performing animals, the remainder ban just wild animals). A Government commitment to ban the use of wild animals in circuses – this is yet to be enacted.

NORTH AMERICA

USA: 46 partial or full bans on circus animals in municipalities in the US, in 21 states.
Canada: Local bans on the use of animals in circuses in 28 municipal jurisdictions.

CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA

Argentina: Local bans on the use of wild animals in circuses in over 20 cities including a ban in the city of Buenos Aires.
Bolivia: Nationwide ban on the use of wild and domestic animals in circuses.
Brazil: Local bans on the use of wild and domestic animals in circuses in the districts of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Pernambuco, Paraiba, Rio Grande do Sul, Espiritu Santo, Mato Grosso do Sul, Alagoas and a number of bans in cities within another four Brazilian states.
Chile: Local bans on the use of wild and domestic animals in circuses in the city of Santiago.
Colombia: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses; Local ban on the use of animals in circuses in the capital, Bogota.
Costa Rica: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses.
Ecuador: Nationwide ban on the use of native wild animals; restrictions on the use of exotic animals; ban on the import of both native and exotic wild animals with circuses
El Salvador: Nationwide ban on the “Income, use or abuse of wildlife species in all kinds of entertainment”
Mexico:Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses
Panama:Nationwide ban prohibiting “entry of wild animals for use in static and travelling circuses and similar shows”
Paraguay: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses.
Peru: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses as well as a local ban on all animals in Magdalena del Mar.

OCEANIA

Australia: Local bans on the use of animals in circuses in several towns including Hobsons Bay, Surf Coast Shire, Parramata and Lismore.

ASIA

India: Nationwide ban on the use of certain species in circuses.
Israel: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses.
Singapore: Nationwide ban on the use of wild animals in circuses.
Taiwan: Nationwide prohibition on the import or export of protected wildlife for circuses.

Our thanks to Animal Defenders International (ADI) for the list below of U.S. jurisdictions passing some form of ban

City/County  Ordinance    Species Covered Type of Prohibition, Restriction or Use of Animals
AK, Eureka Springs Wild, exotic Says Ban.  Is that Display?
AR,  Sherwood Wild, exotic Possession
CA,  Corona Wild, exotic Display
CA,  Encinitas Wild, exotic Entertainment,  amusement
CA,  Huntington    Beach Wild, exotic Performance
CA,  Irvine Wild, exotic Display
CA, Los Angeles Elephants Tools designed for inflicting pain
CA, Marin County Wild, undomesticated Keeping; bullhooks & other implements as of 2017
CA, Oakland   Bullhooks & other implements as of 2017
CA,  Pasadena Wild, exotic Display
CA,  Rohnert    Park Wild, exotic Display
CA, San Francisco ? Display (says Complete Ban)
CA,  Santa    Ana Wild, exotic Display
CA, Santa Monica Elephants?  
CA, West Hollywood Wild, exotic Display
CA, State Elephants Ban deprivation, electricity, some punishment, some instruments

 

CO,  Boulder Exotic Display
CT,  Stamford All All
FL, Clearwater Wild Keeping
FL, Hallandale Beach   Bullhooks & other implements
FL,  Hollywood All Displays or    exhibits
FL,  Margate All Painful techniques and devices
FL, Miami Beach    
FL, Palm Beach    
FL,  Pompano    Beach All All except educational. Ban on painful       techniques/ devices
FL,  Tallahassee All Use    of    substances    and devices in exhibits &    performances
FL, Weston Wild Keeping, confinement, display
GA, Atlanta Elephants Bans certain mistreatment

 

GA,  Fulton    County Elephants Painful instrument or device
HI, Maui County Cetaceans Exhibition
ID, Ketchum   Full Ban
ID, Blaine County   Full Ban
IL, Collinsville All Train to participate in unnatural behavior
IN, Fort  Wayne All Painful substances and  devices
IN, St John All Unnatural behavior & substances/devices causing injury or suffering
KS, Douglas County Dangerous, exotic Ownership or possession barred in certain areas
MA,  Braintree Non-­‐-­‐-­‐domesticated Entertainment
MA, Plymouth Wild, exotic Exhibition, show
MA,  Quincy Non-­‐-­‐-­‐domesticated Entertainment
MA,  Revere Non-­‐-­‐-­‐domesticated Entertainment,  amusement
MA,  Somerville Non-­‐-­‐-­‐domesticated Display
MA,  Weymouth Non-­‐-­‐-­‐domesticated Display, entertainment
MO,  Richmond Wild, exotic Display
MT, Missoula   Full Ban
NC, Asheville   Full ban
NC,  Orange    County Wild, exotic Display
NC,  Chapel    Hill Wild, exotic Display
NY,  Greenburgh Wild, exotic Circuses
NY,  Southampton Wild, exotic Display
OH, State All Use of electric prods
OR, Clatsop County    
SC,  Aiken    County All Painful substances and devices
SC,  Chester Dangerous Display, exhibition
SC, State Marine Mammals Display
TX, Austin Elephants Bullhook ban
TX,  Simonton Dangerous Possession (different from keeping?)
VA, Richmond    
VT,  Burlington Non-­‐-­‐-­‐domesticated Display
WA,  Port    Townsend Wild, exotic Display
WA,  Redmond Wild, exotic Display
WI, Dane County Elephants Full ban (not sure what comments about “one circus only” mean)
WI,  Green    Bay Wild, exotic Traveling  shows,   circuses

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