Iberian Lynx Facts

Iberian Lynx Facts

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Lynx Species – Spanish Lynx (Lynx pardinus)

 

The most rare species of Lynx is the Spanish Lynx. Its natural habitat is open forest and sand dunes in isolated areas of Spain and Portugal. It is an endangered species, with only 1,000 remaining in the wild. Its prized fur and label of agricultural pest has greatly reduced its range. It is now found mainly in a small enclave in Spain and few scattered populations in remote areas of Portugal.

There are noted differences from its relatives, the Eurasian Lynx: it is much smaller and its coat is more heavily marked with darker spots.

Its diet primarily consists of rabbits and hare, but will hunt deer, ducks, and fish. It can reach up to 54 pounds, head and body up to three feet, seven inches, tail up to five inches. The female will give birth to two to three young after a nine week gestation period.


Iberian Lynx

 

Iberian Lynx FactsCommon Name: Iberian Lynx, Spanish Lynx
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrata)
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Felinae (Lynx)
Species: pardina
Misc.: The debate continues whether or not the Iberian Lynx is in fact a separate species from the Canadian and Siberian Lynxes, or merely a subspecies. Experts are evenly divided on this subject, but for now, it remains a separate species based on its marked adaptive differences for prey capture. The name Lynx comes from the Greek word “to shine,” and may be in reference to the reflective ability of the cat’s eyes.

Size and Appearance: The Iberian Lynx is similar in its appearance to the Eurasian Lynx, but about half its size. Adult males weigh on the average 27.5 pounds and the females average 20. The fur is typically grayish, with tints varying from yellowish to rusty and is distinctly spotted. They have a flared facial ruff, long prominent black ear tufts, and long hind legs with a short black tipped tail. Their large, wide-spreading feet are covered in fur, which act like snowshoes, and are effective in supporting the cat’s weight on the snow. They are often confused with their smaller feline cousins the Bobcat, but can be easily distinguished by their tail tips. The tail of the Lynx looks as though it was dipped in an inkwell being black all the way around, whereas the Bobcat’s tail appears to have been painted black on top and white on the bottom.

Habitat: These Lynx are found to inhabit scrub vegetation, Mediterranean woodland and maquis thicket.

Distribution: The Iberian Peninsula.

Reproduction and Offspring: After a gestation of approximately 60 days, females produce a litter of 2-3 kittens. They reach independence by the age of 7-10 months, but will
remain in their natal territory until around 20 months old. Sexual maturity for this cat is directly related to demographic and environmental factors, and most females will not reproduce until a
territory has been secured. This may occur as early as her first winter, or as late as 5 years, or possibly never at all.

In the wild, Iberian Lynx have lived up to 13 years.

Social System and Communication: Unknown. Believed to be the same as the Eurasian Lynx, which would indicate a solitary animal except for mothers and kittens.

Hunting and Diet: Like the Canadian Lynx, the mainstay of this Lynx’s diet is the rabbit. During the winter months when rabbit populations are low, it will switch its prey base to red deer, fallow deer, mouflon and ducks. The energy requirements for this Lynx have been found to be 1 rabbit per day. These animals are primarily nocturnal, except during the winter months when they have diurnal activity peaks.

Principal Threats: The largest threat facing this Lynx is habitat destruction and the destruction of its prey base. The prey also suffered a major blow when an introduced disease – poxvirus myxomatosis – to which the European Hare had no natural immunity and was nearly decimated. By the time they started building a resistance to this disease and the numbers started to recover, a new disease –viral hemorrhagic pneumonia – took its place and killed a large number of adult rabbits. This cat also suffers at the hands of man, frequently being killed by traps and snares set for rabbits, and by being hit by cars as the number of roads increase. The Spanish Government is now in the process of developing a national conservation effort to save the Iberian Lynx.

Status: CITES: Appendix I. IUCN: Endangered.

 

*****Animals are also ranked by their level of vulnerability on a global level, which in essence ranks their extinction risk. They are ranked from Category 1 (critical) to Category 5 (common-low conservation priority). The Iberian Lynx is listed as Category 1, with less than 100 animals remaining in the wild.

Felid TAG recommendation: Spanish lynx (Lynx pardinus). Considered one of the rarest species on earth, the Spanish lynx suffers from having disjunct populations, continued habitat loss and accidental death from trappers and automobiles. Although the Spanish are making plans to initiate a captive-breeding program, it is not likely that this species will ever become available for export to North America.

Information reprinted With Permission from the IUCN Wild Cats Book.

 

Sire of first brood of Iberian lynx in captive breeding program has died

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Death of the macho ibérico

February 3rd, 2010 | by nick |

Garfio, the Iberian lynx who was captured in 2003 and begat the first brood of lynx cubs to be bred in captivity, has died this week from a chronic renal infection at the age of ten. In all he sired 11 little lynxes. El País

http://www.iberianature.com/spainblog/2010/02/death-of-the-macho-iberico/

For more complete coverage in Spanish:

http://www.elpais.com/articulo/espana/Muere/Garfio/padre/primera/camada/linces/cautividad/elpepuesp/20100202elpepunac_35/Tes

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Learn more about big cats and Big Cat Rescue at http://bigcatrescue.org

Spanish film about Iberian lynx seeks a place in the U.S.

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‘El Lince Perdido’, una aventura animada de España que busca espacio en EEUU

9/06/2009 – 11:36

Si varias generaciones crecieron sabiendo que el Oso Yogi vivía en el parque estadounidense de Yellowstone, por qué no un lince ibérico puede enseñarle al mundo sus peripecias en Doñana, el parque andaluz donde transcurre ‘El Lince Perdido’, una cinta de animación hecha en España bajo la producción de Antonio Banderas.

“Imagínate qué risa si un día viene un americano de Wisconsin hasta este parque porque ha visto la película y llega hasta Doñana porque quiere ver cómo es un lince ibérico”, dijo a AFP el co-director de la película Raúl García, un animador español que tras años prestando su arte a los grandes estudios de Hollywood realizó en los últimos tres años su propia historia.

Co-dirigida por Manuel Sicilia, ‘El Lince Perdido’ tuvo su primera proyección en Estados Unidos este fin de semana, en Los Ángeles (California), en el marco de la decimoquinta edición de la ‘Recent Spanish Cinema’, donde tuvo excelente respuesta de los padres y los niños que vieron la cinta llamada en inglés ‘Missing Lynx’, con subtítulos en inglés.

García es animador prácticamente desde que aprendió de niño a pintar, pero el camino formal hacia la profesión lo inició en los años 80 en España cuando soñaba con trabajar en Disney y Hannah Barbera abrió una división especial en Madrid para hacer dibujos animados para televisión.

Persiguiendo el sueño de trabajar para largometrajes animados, partió a Francia, donde trabajó como animador asistente de ‘Asterix Versus Caesar’ y ‘Asterix chez les Bretons’, y luego saltó a otros estudios en Londres donde llegaría la oportunidad que terminó abriéndole las puertas en Estados Unidos: ‘¿Quién engañó a Roger Rabbit?’ (1988).

“Entre 1991 y 1999 trabajé en lo que era mi sueño, Disney y en todo lo que fue la segunda época dorada de Disney, con ‘La Bella y la Bestia’, ‘Aladín’, ‘El rey León’, ‘Pocahontas’, todo esto fue un proceso de esponja de aprendizaje”, contó el artífice de ‘El Lince Perdido’, ganadora del Goya en la pasada edición de estos premios al cine español.

Tras un paso por Paramount, García comienza en 2001 a preparar sus proyectos personales y conecta con Kandor Graphic en Granada para acordar un trabajo en conjunto que le permitiera hacer su propia película, contó.

Parte del objetivo era demostrar que “no hay razón humana para que una película de animación cueste 200 millones de dólares”.

“La cantidad de dinero que se gasta, la cantidad de talento artístico que se gasta, la cantidad de energía creativa que se gasta en cosas que serían fácilmente solucionables, me hizo pensar que hay otra forma de producir película de animación”, indicó el animador, contando que cuando le enseñó el proyecto a Banderas en Los Ángeles, el actor quiso enseguida sumarse.

“Con ‘El Lince Perdido’ lo que intentamos es aplicar por un lado todo el conocimiento de cómo se hace una película de animación y cómo se hace una película a nivel temático con una estructura, una historia, con personajes que te llegan al alma -muy de Disney-“.

“Y por otro lado intentar mostrar que se puede hacer una película más barata y con más corazón sin que tengas que renunciar a la calidad y sin que tengas que matar creativamente a la gente que trabaja en la película”, algo que sintió García como artista en sus últimos años en Disney.

Así llegó a los creativos esta historia que deseaba apoyar la Consejería de Medio Ambiente de Andalucía y “de pronto teníamos como personaje a un lince ibérico que vive en algo tan español como el parque de Doñana”.

Se trata de una aventura con villanos, suspenso, amor y un universo de animales que se ayudan para enfrentarse al mal con el mensaje entre líneas de una especie en extinción en un lugar de ensueño: las características perfectas para una historia infantil contada con eficacia.

“La película terminó costando 5 millones de euros, unos 7 millones de dólares y está vendida a 40 países. Queremos doblarla al inglés. Ojalá lográramos distribuirla aquí”, concluyó García.

http://ecodiario.eleconomista.es/espana/noticias/1315575/06/09/El-Lince-Perdido-una-aventura-animada-de-Espana-que-busca-espacio-en-EEUU.html

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Learn more about big cats and Big Cat Rescue at http://bigcatrescue.org

Animated film about Iberian lynx considered for Oscar nomination

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NOTE: The Spanish film, “El lince perdido” (English: “The Missing Lynx”) ended up not being one of the 5 Oscar nominees for Animated Feature Film. It had previously won a Goya, which is Spain’s equivalent of an Oscar.

20 films vie for animated Oscar

Published: Nov. 11, 2009 at 2:32 PM

BEVERLY HILLS, Calif., Nov. 11 (UPI) — Twenty movies were submitted for consideration in the Animated Feature Film category for the 82nd Academy Awards, it was announced in Los Angeles Wednesday.

Oscar nominations are to be revealed Feb. 2 in the Samuel Goldwyn Theater, organizers said. The winners are to be announced March 7 at the Kodak Theatre at Hollywood & Highland Center, and televised live on the ABC Television Network.

The 20 features submitted for the animated Oscar are “Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakquel,” “Astro Boy,” “Battle for Terra,” “Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs,” “Coraline,” “Disney’s A Christmas Carol,”

“The Dolphin — Story of a Dreamer,” “Fantastic Mr. Fox,” “Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs,” “Mary and Max,” “The Missing Lynx,” “Monsters vs. Aliens,” “9,” “Planet 51,” “Ponyo,” “The Princess and the Frog,” “The Secret of Kells,” “Tinker Bell and the Lost Treasure,” “A Town Called Panic” and “Up.”

“Alvin and the Chipmunks,” “The Dolphin,” “Fantastic Mr. Fox,” “Planet 51,” “The Princess and the Frog,” “The Secret of Kells” and “A Town Called Panic” have not yet had their required Los Angeles qualifying run, organizers said.

Submitted features must fulfill the theatrical release requirements and meet all of the category’s other qualifying rules before they can advance in the voting process.

Under the rules for this category, a maximum of five features can be nominated in a year in which the field of eligible entries numbers at least 16.

Films submitted in the Animated Feature Film category also may qualify for Academy Awards in other categories, including Best Picture, provided they meet the requirements for those categories.

http://www.upi.com/Entertainment_News/Movies/2009/11/11/20-films-vie-for-animated-Oscar/UPI-36511257967978/

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Learn more about big cats and Big Cat Rescue at http://bigcatrescue.org

PHOTO: Endangered lynx runs after being released in Spain

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Date: 15-Dec-09
Country: SPAIN
Author: REUTERS

An Iberian lynx runs after being released in Villafranca de Cordoba, southern Spain December 14, 2009.

The Andalusia regional environment ministry delivers an experimental reintroduction of the Iberian lynx for a programme aimed at breeding the animal in captivity.

http://www.planetark.org/enviro-news/item/55977

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Learn more about big cats and Big Cat Rescue at http://bigcatrescue.org