Captive breeding of Iberian lynx does not prevent its extinction, says expert

La cría en cautividad del lince no evita su extinción, según una experta

Astrid Vargas sostiene que su dependencia de esa fórmula lo hace un “muerto viviente”

Agencias / Sevilla | Actualizado 11.12.2009 – 05:04

La directora del Plan de Cría en Cautividad del Lince Ibérico, Astrid Vargas, afirmó ayer que la reproducción en cautividad del felino más amenazado del planeta “es sólo una avenida”, por lo que “es un error pensar que la especie se ha salvado ya” porque se ha conseguido este paso.

Durante la presentación en Sevilla del libro Conservación Ex situ del Lince Ibérico: un enfoque multidisciplinar, editado por la Fundación Biodiversidad, Vargas indicó que si el lince dependiera sólo de la cría en cautividad “sería un muerto viviente”, apuntando que su salvación está ligada a la repoblación y supervivencia de la especie en áreas de ocupación histórica de la Península, algo en lo que Andalucía es “pionera”, subrayó.

http://www.diariodesevilla.es/article/andalucia/583840/la/cria/cautividad/lince/no/evita/su/extincion/segun/una/experta.html

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Spanish lynx settles in at breeding facility in Portugal

First Lynx settles in Silves’ reproduction centre
31/10/2009

The first of 16 Iberian Lynxes that will arrive at the centre over the coming weeks was welcomed at the purpose-built facilities earlier this week, having travelled from a zoo in Jerez de la Frontera, Spain.

It was released with in the 100,000 square-metre centre, which is much larger than the pen it was living in, weeks ahead of its counterparts and accompanied by a vet.

Named Azahar, the five-year-old female Iberian Lynx travelled alone inside a box and was constantly monitored by a veterinary.

On being released in to her new home in Silves, the animal appeared to be slightly nervous and apprehensive.

She has been living in captivity at Jerez de la Frontera’s zoo for the past three years and was transferred to the reproduction centre in Silves under a protocol signed between the two countries in an attempt to boost the dwindling Iberian Lynx population.

The protocol, signed between the Environmental Ministers of Spain and Portugal, in 2007, aims to preserve animal species that are on the brink of extinction.

Azahar was captured when she was two years of age, in January 2006, in Sierra Morena (Andalusia).

She was taken into captivity after being taped by CCTV cameras and appeared to be very thin and had a bump on her back.

The lynx was x-rayed and was found to be suffering from a broken vertebra.

http://www.the-news.net/cgi-bin/google.pl?id=1034-4

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Lynx to return to Portugal after 20 years

October 24th, 2009 | by nick |

Twenty years after becoming extinct in Portugal, the Iberian lynx is to return to the country next week as part of the reintroduction programme. A female will be transferred to the new breeding centre in the village of Silves in Portugal. A total of 16 animals are to moved to the centre in the coming weeks. These animals will be used for captive breeding rather than for releases.

The first releases in the wild in Spain are now set for 2010 when 8-10 lynxes are to be released in Guadalmellato (Córdoba) and Guarrizas (Jaén). From 2011, between 20 and 40 individuals will be released a year. Público

Photo above from ex situ Iberian lynx conservation programme. Here

http://www.iberianature.com/spainblog/2009/10/lynx-to-return-to-portugal-after-20-years/

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An Iberian Lynx kitten born in captivity has died

By m.p. – Oct 7, 2009 – 11:15 AM

Falco’s death on Sunday brings the number of kittens to have survived the captive breeding programme this year down to 15

One of the 16 Iberian lynx kittens who have been born in captivity this year died on Sunday, it’s been revealed, after going into convulsions and failing to survive emergency surgery. Falco was born at La Olivilla breeding centre in the Sierra Morena and was first taken ill around a month ago, but appeared to have recovered after suffering his first convulsions, with nothing significant detected in analyses which were taken at the time.

He was due to be transferred with other lynx born in captivity in Spain to form the start of a new Iberian lynx population in Portugal. The results of an autopsy performed on Monday will determine the exact cause of death.

The remaining 15 surviving kittens from this year’s captive breeding programme is the greatest success rate the programme has had since its first births in 2005.

The Junta de Andalucía plans to release lynx into the wild before the end of this year in Guadalmellato, Córdoba province, and in Guarrizas, Jaén. They are both areas where the threatened species has not been seen since the end of the 1980s.

http://www.typicallyspanish.com/news/publish/article_23371.shtml


Muere uno de los cachorros de lince nacidos este año en cautividad

‘Falco’, perteneciente al programa de cría de la Olivilla, murió el 4 de octubre por una crisis convulsiva. Con su muerte, se reducen a 15 los cachorros nacidos en cautividad.

ep, jaén Actualizado 07.10.2009 – 16:53

El pasado domingo 4 de octubre murió Falco, un cachorro de lince ibérico nacido durante esta temporada en el centro de cría de la Olivilla (Jaén) dentro del Programa de conservación Ex-Situ, según la información publicada en la web de dicho programa.Así, según dicha información, el animal se había criado junto a su madre y hermanos y, hace aproximadamente un mes, tuvo una crisis convulsiva, tras lo cual se le hizo un chequeo y tratamiento sintomático, sin que se detectara nada “significativo” en las analíticas. El ejemplar no volvió a tener ningún episodio durante el último mes hasta que el domingo de madrugada comenzó con nuevas crisis, por lo que se trasladó a quirófano y se le administró tratamiento, a pesar de lo cual acabó muriendo al poco tiempo.
El martes se le realizó la necropsia en el Centro de Análisis y Diagnósticos de la Consejería de Medio Ambiente de la Junta y se está a la espera de los resultados analíticos para poder determinar un diagnóstico definitivo. Con la muerte de Falco se reducen a 15 los ejemplares de este felino de los nacidos en cautividad en los centros de cría de El Acebuche, en Almonte (Huelva) y La Olivilla (Jaén) durante la temporada 2009 que continúan vivos. En total, 11 hembras dieron a luz a 28 cachorros, de los cuales diez no superaron los primeros días tras el parto y tres -Fresno, Felina y Falco- causaron baja con más de un mes de vida. Aún así, este número supone una cifra récord de cachorros logrados en el Programa de conservación Ex-Situ del lince ibérico puesto en marcha por el Ministerio de Medio
Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino (MARM) y la Junta de Andalucía en diciembre de 2003.

http://www.diariodesevilla.es/article/andalucia/533305/muere/uno/los/cachorros/lince/nacido/este/ano/cautividad.html

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PHOTOS: Endangered Iberian lynxes in Spain

To see photos, go to: http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/unleashed/2009/07/your-morning-adorable-endangered-iberian-lynxes-in-spain.html

11:53 AM, July 10, 2009

These little guys are members of the world’s most endangered species of cat — the Iberian lynx. Fortunately for them a group of conservation biologists is working to save the species through a captive breeding program in the lynxes’ native Spain.

A century ago, about 100,000 Iberian lynxes lived in the wild in Spain and Portugal. But in the years since, they’ve been the victims of hunting, habitat loss due to human development and a disease outbreak that killed a huge number of wild rabbits, their main prey. By 2002, only about 150 Iberian lynxes remained in the wild.
One of the primary biologists working to save the lynxes is Astrid Vargas, an American who started a conservation breeding program in Spain in 2003. Vargas, who holds degrees in both veterinary medicine and conservation biology, started with five adult lynxes and now says the program has reached a goal of 30 adult males and 30 adult females. The next step: Preparing captive-born lynxes to be released into the wild.
More photos after the jump; for more information on the effort to bring Iberian lynxes back from the brink, check out this insightful Agence France-Presse interview with Vargas.

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