Note from Big Cat Rescue President, Jamie Veronica, to the Interns:
Tonight I dropped off new foster kittens at the Modglin and Himalayan Houses.
It was a litter of 5 that were dumped at Animal Services and rescued by the Humane Society of Tampabay today. All about 10 days old.
The litter was split into two groups;
Modglin got Benson (black male), Eli (white tabby male with white back feet), and Carli (white tabby female with black spots on the bottoms of her back feet)
Himalayan got Abigail (black female) and Dee Dee (white tabby female)
The kittens are 10 days old so should be fed every 2.5 - 3 hours. The feeding schedule will change on a weekly basis so check below for those time schedules.
At this age they should consume approximately 40 ml each day, so 4-5 ml per feeding.
These kittens are very young and still need help urinating and defecating, so please do this at each feeding, after you feed them is usually best, but if they won't eat, sometimes it helps to do it first.
They can not regulate their body temperature so keeping them warm is very important. Make sure you have them on the heating pads that do not automatically shut off and put the heat on a setting that is warm but not hot. Feel the kittens and their towels with your hands they should be warm to the touch if the heating pad is set right. Also cover their carrier with a towel to keep any draft from cooling them.
There are fleas on the kittens, so please comb the fleas out and kill them, you can put the fleas in a little bit of soapy water or alcohol to kill them.
Be sure to enter your notes on the Kitten Chart after each feeding. For the lat night feedings it is ok to enter the information in the morning, please do so by 8 AM.
If you are having trouble getting the kittens to eat or are just not comfortable in your skills and would like me to do a feeding with you to show you some tips just let me know and I would be happy to do so.
Level 2 and 3 interns please show Level 1 interns how to properly care for the kittens.
I would like everyone who lives in Modglin and Himalayan to email me back that you received this email so I know that everyone is on the same page.
Attached is the Kitten Nursing Class so you can refresher yourself on the care of kittens this young. Feel free to email me with any questions that you have regarding the kittens and their care.
Thank you all and good luck!
Kitten Nursing Class
Below are some of the highlights from the Kitten Nursing Class;
Always thoroughly wash your hands before and after handling the kittens. Ensure that all clothing, bedding, or surfaces that the kittens are exposed to is sterilized to avoid infection.
Keeping the kitten clean and dry is very important.
During the first 2 weeks, kittens can not shiver when they are cold. They will rely on a heating pad for warmth. Keep the pad under (not inside) one half of the box. With only one side of the box heated, the kittens will be able to crawl away from the heat source if it gets too warm.
Keep the nest box clean and dry by checking for dampness and replacing bedding at each feeding if necessary.
If using powdered formula follow the mixing directions on the packaging to prepare. Do not mix powdered KMR with tap water, always use bottled purified water.
Bottles and nipples should be sterilized at every feeding. Soak bottles, nipples and syringes in boiling water for 1-2 minutes to sterilize them.
Never microwave the formula. After you have sterilized the bottle, pour the hot water from the pot into a mug, fill the sterilized bottle to the desired amount of formula and then place the bottle in the hot water. (Always fill the bottle a little more than you expect the kitten to eat, if you run out of formula in the bottle it can be difficult to get the kitten to nurse a second time) After several seconds, swirl the milk inside the bottle as the outer layer of milk will warm and the inner layer will be cooler. Test the temperature of the formula on the inside of your wrist. It should feel warm, but not hot.
Feed kitten while they are resting on their stomachs. Never feed them upright or on their backs. The kitten will usually try to stand on it’s back feet in an upright position. This position can cause the kitten to choke on the milk.
Be sure that the bottle is always held in a manner so that only milk and not air is being ingested by the kitten.
After each feeding hold the kitten upright with its tummy against your shoulder or hand and pat it gently until it burps, releasing trapped air.
1 week old - Every 2 hours
2 weeks old - Every 3-4 hours
3 weeks old - Every 4-5 hours
4 weeks old - Every 5-6 hours
5 weeks old - Every 6-8 hours
Amount of Food
1 week old - Feed 32 ml per day
2 weeks old - 51 ml per day
3 weeks old - 81 ml per day
4 weeks old - 96 ml per day of formula/canned food combined
5 weeks old - 125 ml per day of formula/canned food combined
After every feeding, gently massage the anus and urinary orifice with a paper towel or unscented baby wipe moistened with warm water until they urinate and defecate. Be very gentle when you do this and don’t worry if no urine or stool is produced after every feeding. By the time the kitten is 3 weeks old it should be able to eliminate without your help.
The greatest threat to the kitten is aspirating (choking) on the milk because he is drinking too quickly. He will be so frantic in his sucking that he will suck milk into his lungs and won’t stop to cough. If you hear him rattling or wheezing, stand up immediately. Place the kit in the palm of your hand, facing away from you and put your other hand down over his back, bracing his neck and head. Swing him down and back between your legs. If milk comes out his nose, quickly wipe it off and repeat the process several times, or until he sounds clear. Report such episodes on the chart AND to the Operations Manager immediately. Any milk in the lungs usually results in bacterial overgrowth and the kitten could die very quickly.
Jamie Veronica, President
Big Cat Rescue
A permanent sanctuary to 100+ big cats
LONDON CONFERENCE SHOWS WORLD LEADERS ARE SERIOUS ABOUT FIGHTING ILLEGAL WILDLIFE TRADE
LONDON: The London-based Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) broadly welcomes the outcomes of today’s landmark London Conference on Illegal Wildlife Trade as a strong indication that world leaders are finally getting serious about tackling international wildlife crime.
The new EIA report In Cold Blood – Combating organised wildlife crime, released just days before the Conference, examines wildlife crime case histories and highlights the crucial lessons to be learnt for better enforcement.
As well as driving both iconic and little known species towards extinction, wildlife crime undermines democratic structures, sows corruption at every level and funds conflict, terrorism and other serious criminal activities.
EIA Executive Direct Mary Rice said: “EIA is particularly pleased to see the Declaration agreed at the conclusion of this Conference committing countries to a series of meaningful actions which, if implemented, will reverse the low-risk/high-profit nature of wildlife crime.
EIA especially welcomes agreement at the Conference for:
• greater international cooperation in the fight against wildlife crime;
• using legislation and enforcement deployed against other forms of organised crime;
• the deployment of national task forces and transnational organised crime units;
• using investigative techniques and tools already used against other forms of transnational organised crime;
• international sharing of intelligence and joint operations and treating the illegal wildlife trade as a serious crime.
Rice said: “This has been an unprecedented gathering, the first indication that many of the world’s governments are really serious about combating organised wildlife crime.
“Delegates should now go home and convene meetings with chiefs of police and Customs, immediately mobilising the law enforcement community to gather and analyse intelligence and so work towards dismantling the criminal networks behind the multi-billion dollar illicit wildlife trade.
“We would have liked them to go further and, specifically with regard to ivory and tigers, close down legal domestic markets.”
EIA will looking for evidence of tangible implementation of the London Conference agreement by the time of the next Conference in Botswana in early 2015.
Rice added: “It’s been particularly pleasing to see, alongside the Conference, significant developments such as the Elephant Protection Initiative being endorsed by Botswana, Chad, Ethiopia, Gabon and Tanzania – a solid commitment to honour a 10-year moratorium on sales of ivory.”
• Interviews with EIA’s senior campaigners are available on request; please contact Debbie Banks on +44 (0) 7773 428360 or Shruti Suresh on +44 (0) 7880 318187.