Which Wildcats are Endangered or Threatened?

Snow Leopard at Big Cat Rescue

List of Wildcats that are Endangered or Threatened

Snow Leopard at Big Cat Rescue
Snow Leopard at Big Cat Rescue

The following table has been compiled using three sources – IUCN Red List, CITES and the Cat Specialist Group (CSG) and is ranked in approximate order of vulnerability. The entries have been analysed and sorted to provide an overview of all three sources. In some cases specific sub-species are more endangered than the species in general and these have been listed, along with their scientific name as separate entries. For further information regarding the specific categorisation of the various sources, see notes at the foot of the table. 

Species Subspecies IUCN Cites CSG
Lynx, Spanish Lynx.pardinus Endangered I 1
Snow Leopard Endangered I 2
Leopard, Amur P.p.orientalis Endangered I
Tiger Endangered I 2
Leopard, Arabian P.p.nimr Endangered I
Cougar, Florida P.c.coryi Endangered I
Cheetah, Asiatic A.j.venaticus Endangered I 3
Lion, Asiatic P.l.persica Endangered I 3
Leopard P.p.jarvisi Endangered I
Andean Mountain Cat Rare I 2
Black-footed Cat I 2
Flat-headed Cat I 2
Bay Cat Rare II 2
Kodkod II 2
African Golden Cat I 2
Cheetah Vulnerable I 3
Clouded Leopard Vulnerable I 3
Jaguar Vulnerable I 3
Litle Spotted Cat Vulnerable I 3
Marbled Cat I 3
Rusty-Spotted Cat P.r.rubignosis I 3
Iriomote Cat I
Leopard Vulnerable I 5a
Ocelot Vulnerable I 5a
Bobcat L.r.escuinapae I
Lynx Lynx.lynx I
Caracal C.c.michaelis Rare I
Leopard Cat P.b.bengalensis I
Chinese Desert Cat II 2
Fishing Cat II 2
Asian Golden Cat II 3
Lion II 3
Rusty-Spotted Cat II 3
Sand Cat F.m.sheffeli Endangered II 4
Margay Vulnerable I 4
Geoffrey’s Cat II 4
Lynx L.canadensis II 4
Pallas Cat II 4
Serval II 4
Bobcat II 5a
Cougar II 5a
Pampas Cat II 5a
Caracal II 5b
Jungle Cat II 5b
Leopard Cat II 5b
Jaguarundi II 5c
Wild Cat II 5c


The Red List compiled by the IUCN (World Conservation Union) containing animals who are threatened. Most of the wild cat species are listed under the headings of Endangered, Vulnerable, Threatened, Rare, Least Concern and Data Deficient.

CITES lists all species under threat in its Appendix 1, 2 and 3. Appendix 1 lists those species threatened with extinction and forbids trade, whilst Appendix 2 lists species that may become extinct if trade is not controlled.

The Cat Specialist Group, part of the IUCN, comprise of over 160 specialist in the field of wild cats and their conservation. The CSG have formulated a global ranking of cat species vulnerability based on statistical analysis of habitat, geographic range, body size relating to population density and hunting pressure. Species are ranked from 1 through to 5a,5b and 5c, with the ranking of 1 being the most threatened.

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