USDA Violations

USDA Announces Recent Animal Welfare Act

and Horse Protection Act Enforcement Actions

Dave Sacks    (301) 851-4079
Lyndsay Cole  (970) 494-7410

WASHINGTON, Dec. 19, 2012–The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is continuing to move more swiftly and consistently to take enforcement action in response to animal welfare violations.  As part of its effort to make its actions transparent and accessible to the public, APHIS is highlighting enforcement actions taken in response to violations of the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) and Horse Protection Act (HPA).

Copies of documents related to these actions, as well as copies of official warnings, are available in the APHIS FOIA Reading Room at

During the month of November, APHIS filed administrative complaints alleging that the following persons violated the AWA or HPA:

                AWA Docket No. 12-0294; Sidney Yost d/b/a Jungle Exotics; Amazing Animal Productions, Inc. [Note: This is a case from March 2012 that was inadvertently omitted from that month’s release.]

                HPA Docket No. 13-0080; Justin Jenne d/b/a Justin Jenne Stables; David Mullis; Rebecca Mullis; Darrell Frazier d/b/a Frazier and Frazier Farms.

The following persons entered into pre-litigation settlement agreements (also known as stipulations) in connection with alleged violations of the AWA or HPA:

                APHIS Case No. OK10004-AC and OK10030-AC; Little River Zoo, Inc.

                APHIS Case No. OK09018-AC; Robert Lourance and Darlene Lourance.

USDA’s administrative law judges and judicial officer issued decisions and orders under the AWA or HPA involving the following persons:

          HPA Docket No. 11-0305; Regina Fritsch.

          HPA Docket No. 11-0305; Thomas Vest.

The AWA requires that minimum standards of care and treatment be provided for certain animals bred for commercial sale, used in research, transported commercially or exhibited to the public.  It excludes those animals raised for food or fiber.  Persons who operate facilities in these categories must provide their animals with adequate care and treatment in the areas of housing, handling, sanitation, nutrition, water, veterinary care and protection from extreme weather and temperatures.

To ensure that its licensees are meeting the AWA standards, APHIS inspectors conduct routine, unannounced inspections of all licensed facilities.  Violations of the AWA can lead to penalties, including official warnings, civil penalties and license suspensions/revocations.  For more information on the inspection and enforcement processes, visit APHIS’ animal care website at

The HPA is the federal law that prohibits horses subjected to a practice called soring from participating in shows, sales, exhibitions and auctions.  Soring is a cruel and abusive practice used to accentuate a horse’s gait.  APHIS works actively with the horse industry to protect against such abuse, ensuring that only sound and healthy horses participate in shows, sales, exhibitions and auctions.  APHIS’ ultimate goal is to end the inhumane practice of soring completely.

The HPA authorizes APHIS to issue civil penalties and to disqualify violators from participating in horse shows, exhibitions and sales.  Both the AWA and HPA contain criminal penalties as well.


Note to reporters:  USDA news releases, program announcements and media advisories are available on the Internet and through really simple syndication (RSS) feeds.  Go to the APHIS news release page and click on the RSS feed link.

USDA is an equal opportunity provider, employer and lender.  To file a complaint of discrimination, write:  USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Ave., SW., Washington, DC   20250-9410 or call
(800) 795-3272  (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD).

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